Listening to the medieval book

Boethius, De institutione arithmetica, c. 1100, The Hague, Royal Library, MS 78 E 59 and Paris Bible, mid 13th century, The Hague, Royal Library, MS 132 F 21. Special thanks to Ed van der Vlist, Curator of Medieval Manuscripts, Koninklijke Bibliotheek, National Library of the Netherlands.

Cite this page as: Dr. Erik Kwakkel and Dr. Beth Harris, "Listening to the medieval book," in Smarthistory, December 16, 2015, accessed October 23, 2016,