South America after independence

Artists in Latin America expressed both a sense of pride in indigenous traditions and an appreciation for European ideas of liberty.

c. 1821–1900 C.E.

Beginner's Guide

Learn about South America after independence.

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The challenge of the nude in 19th-century Latin American painting
The challenge of the nude in 19th-century Latin American painting

Depicting nudes became a way for some nineteenth-century Latin American artists to challenge conventions, ultimately paving a way towards modernism.

Latin American artistic pilgrimages to Paris
Latin American artistic pilgrimages to Paris

The allure of Paris attracted 19th-century Latin American artists, who eagerly traveled to this artistic capital in the absence of an art school back home.

Landscape Painting in Nineteenth-Century Latin America
Landscape Painting in Nineteenth-Century Latin America

Latin American artists in the nineteenth century developed interests in painting the local landscape as a way to create a sense of pride in their country’s past, present, and future.

Early Scientific Exploration in Latin America
Early Scientific Exploration in Latin America

European explorers enhanced knowledge, but their efforts were soured by an air of re-conquest.

<em>Costumbrismo</em>
Costumbrismo

Stereotypical folkloric scenes were widely circulated, shaping perceptions of Latin America at home and abroad.

Carmelo Fernández, <em>The Strait of Furatena in the Minero River</em>
Carmelo Fernández, The Strait of Furatena in the Minero River

The Colombian Chorographic Commission mapped the country while also documenting the landscape and its people.

Independence from Spanish rule in South America
Independence from Spanish rule in South America

Enlightenment ideals of democracy planted the seeds for colonial movements in the Spanish colonies of the Americas.

Selected Contributors