South America c. 1500 -1900

South America after independence

Artists in Latin America expressed both a sense of pride in indigenous traditions and an appreciation for European ideas of liberty.

c. 1821 - 1900

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Early Scientific Exploration in Latin America
Early Scientific Exploration in Latin America

European explorers enhanced knowledge, but their efforts were soured by an air of re-conquest.

<em>Costumbrismo</em>
Costumbrismo

Stereotypical folkloric scenes were widely circulated, shaping perceptions of Latin America at home and abroad.

Carmelo Fernández, <em>The Strait of Furatena in the Minero River</em>
Carmelo Fernández, The Strait of Furatena in the Minero River

The Colombian Chorographic Commission mapped the country while also documenting the landscape and its people.

Independence from Spanish rule in South America
Independence from Spanish rule in South America

Enlightenment ideals of democracy planted the seeds for colonial movements in the Spanish colonies of the Americas.