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Landscape painting in Nineteenth-Century Latin American
Landscape painting in Nineteenth-Century Latin American

Latin American artists in the nineteenth century developed interests in painting the local landscape as a way to create a sense of pride in their country’s past, present, and future.

Coming of Age in Gutiérrez’s <em>Costumbrista</em> painting, <em>La despedida del joven indio (The Young Indian’s Farewell)</em>
Coming of Age in Gutiérrez’s Costumbrista painting, La despedida del joven indio (The Young Indian’s Farewell)

Gutiérrez wanted to create art that would change the perception and status of the artist in Mexico.

Picturing Racial and Social Identities in José Agustín Arrieta’s <em>Costumbrista</em> Painting, <em>La Sorpreza</em>
Picturing Racial and Social Identities in José Agustín Arrieta’s Costumbrista Painting, La Sorpreza

What exactly is the surprise that this painting holds in store for us? There are several interpretations.

Mexican Independence
Mexican Independence

Revolutionary priests and an ex-member of the Spanish military led a charge for independence and equality for some.

The Academy of San Carlos
The Academy of San Carlos

Inspired by art academies in Europe, Mexico founded its own in 1785, the first in America.

José María Velasco, <em>The Valley of Mexico from the Santa Isabel Mountain Range</em>
José María Velasco, The Valley of Mexico from the Santa Isabel Mountain Range

Velasco shows us the history of the land, both the natural and the built environments.

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