Salam is a Lecturer Assistant Professor of Archaeology at Rutgers University. Until recently, she had been a Research Fellow at the Penn Museum of the University of Pennsylvania where she co-directed the Safeguarding the Heritage of Syria and Iraq Project. Until 2012, she worked for the Directorate General of Antiquities and Museums in Syria. Salam received her Ph.D. in Archaeology from the University of Cambridge. She has extensive scholarly and field experience and has been the co-director of the Tell Hamoukar Expedition since 2005. Salam is also a National Geographic emerging explorer.