Dr. Senta German

About Dr. Senta German

Dr. Senta German, now at the Ashmolean Museum of Art and Archaeology, University of Oxford, took her Ph.D. at Columbia University in Aegean, Greek and Ancient Near Eastern archaeology and art. She explores the intersection of art and ancient Greek society with specific attention to performance, gender and the impacts of the illicit antiquities trade and forgery. She has taught at Columbia University, New York University, Rutgers University and was Associate Professor of Classics and Art History at Montclair State University.

Standing female worshiper,
Sumer was home to some of the oldest known cities, supported by a focus on agriculture.

Sumer, an introduction

In the most important development in human history, Neolithic people took the first step toward civilization.

The Neolithic revolution

Warka (Uruk) Vase, Uruk, Late Uruk period, c. 3500-3000 B.C.E., 105 cm high (National Museum of Iraq)
One of the most precious artifacts from Sumer, the Warka Vase was looted and almost lost forever.

Warka Vase

Ziggurat of Ur, c. 2100 B.C.E. mud brick and baked brick, Tell el-Mukayyar, Iraq (largely reconstructed)
The great Ziggurat of Ur has been reconstructed twice, in antiquity and in the 1980s—what’s left of the original?

Ziggurat of Ur

Cylinder Seal
Instead of signatures, the Ancient Near East used carved beads to press unique impressions into clay documents.

Cylinder seals

Recognized worldwide, Stonehenge seems an impossible task: how, and why, did prehistoric people build it?


The city of Çatalhöyük points to one of man's most important transformations, from nomad to settled farmer.


Mentioned in the Bible, Jericho is one of the oldest continuously-occupied sites in the world.