The Gross Clinic with Timothy Rub

Portrait of Dr. Samuel D. Gross (The Gross Clinic) by Thomas Eakins is an oil-on-canvas portrait on display at the Philadelphia Museum of Art. The painting portrays Dr. Samuel D. Gross, one of the most famous surgeons in the world at the time, leading a clinic for medical students while operating on a patient. Eakins completed the painting in 1875 for the 1876 Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia, but was rejected by the Fine Arts Gallery jury, evidently because it was considered too frightening. Discover how it came to be recognized as one of America’s greatest paintings with Timothy Rub, Former Director of the Philadelphia Museum of Art.

Cite this page as: Bank of America, "The Gross Clinic with Timothy Rub," in Smarthistory, July 6, 2021, accessed November 28, 2022,