Plunder, war, Napoleon and the Horses of San Marco

Horses of San Marco (ancient Greek or Roman, likely Imperial Rome), 4th century B.C.E. to 4th century C.E., copper alloy, 235 x 250 cm each (Basilica of San Marco, Venice), an ARCHES video

Additional resources:

The Four Horses Rest Inside St. Mark’s Basilica in Venice after Being Plundered from Constantinople in the 13th century (from ARCA, Association for Research into Crimes against art)

Patricia Mainardi, “Assuring the Empire of the Future: The 1798 Fête de la Liberté,” Art Journal, vol. 48 (2014), pp. 155-163

Cite this page as: Dr. Beth Harris and Dr. Steven Zucker, "Plunder, war, Napoleon and the Horses of San Marco," in Smarthistory, March 15, 2018, accessed March 3, 2024,