The Trail of Tears, Titus Kaphar’s The Cost of Removal


Titus Kaphar, The Cost of Removal, 2017, oil, canvas, and rusted nails on canvas, 274.3 x 213.4 x 3.8 cm, © Titus Kaphar (Crystal Bridges Museum of American Art)

Cite this page as: Lauren Haynes, Crystal Bridges Museum of American Art) and Dr. Beth Harris, "The Trail of Tears, Titus Kaphar’s The Cost of Removal," in Smarthistory, August 14, 2018, accessed December 9, 2018, https://smarthistory.org/kaphar-cost-of-removal/.