Virtually explore the Alte Nationalgalerie (Old National Gallery) in Berlin with Smarthistory as your guide
videos + essays
An ancient, gnarled tree, not the shepherd at its base, is the protagonist of Friedrich’s landscape.
The woman in this painting invites us to share the view out her shuttered window, but leaves us to wonder about her thoughts.
“Everything is illusory and death comes for us all!” proclaims this cheerful self-portrait.
A medieval abbey in ruins, within an ancient forest that predates—and will outlast—man’s creations.
The greenery surrounding this couple is lush and exotic, but it’s clear that there’s trouble in paradise.
In a century obsessed with conquering nature, Friedrich paints a humble reminder of man’s limitations.