At the Thoma Foundation

Virtually explore the The Carl and Marilynn Thoma Foundation with Smarthistory as your guide

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videos + essays

The Thoma Foundation's Art of the Spanish Americas collection

Portraits of Francisca Ramírez de Laredo and Antonio de Ulloa
Portraits of Francisca Ramírez de Laredo and Antonio de Ulloa

These portraits of a couple show us what the sitters want us to see about them, and conceal the less glamorous details of their lives

<i>The Child Mary Spinning</i>
The Child Mary Spinning

This luxuriously dressed Virgin Mary as a child spinning cloth may have spoken to the rich textile traditions of Indigenous cultures in Peru

<em>The Coronation of the Virgin by the Holy Trinity</em>
The Coronation of the Virgin by the Holy Trinity

The Trinity visualized as triplets was a common subject in 18th-century Peru—and beyond