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André Masson, <em>Battle of Fishes</em>
André Masson, Battle of Fishes

The Surrealist interest in chance, subconscious creativity, and metamorphosis of forms can be seen in Masson's Battle of Fishes

Depicting Judaism in a medieval Christian ivory
Depicting Judaism in a medieval Christian ivory

With two figures representing the Church and the Synagogue, this work demonstrates how Carolingians were negotiating the relationship between Christianity and Judaism

Rhod Rothfuss, <em>Yellow Quadrangle</em>
Rhod Rothfuss, Yellow Quadrangle

Rothfuss, an important voice in Latin American modernism, rejects recognizable forms by breaking the frame

The Ardashirnama: a Judeo-Persian manuscript
The Ardashirnama: a Judeo-Persian manuscript

This illuminated manuscript of the Ardashirnama reveals how 17th-century Iranian Jews visually and poetically emphasized their identities as both Iranian and Jewish.

<em>The Prato Haggadah</em>
The Prato Haggadah

This unfinished Hebrew manuscript meant for a Passover ritual helps us understand how medieval manuscripts were made

Joachim Michael Salecker, Cup with cover with Hebrew inscriptions
Joachim Michael Salecker, Cup with cover with Hebrew inscriptions

This ornamented silver cup tells a story about a prominent Jewish man close to rulers and European courts at a time when Jewish life was restricted

In Full Color, Ancient Sculpture Reimagined
In Full Color, Ancient Sculpture Reimagined

Contrary to the white marble of the ancient Mediterranean we see today, the ancient Greeks and Romans painted their statues in vibrant colors

Jacques-Louis David, <em>The Death of Socrates</em>
Jacques-Louis David, The Death of Socrates

What is worth dying for? David draws comparisons between ancient Roman philosopher Socrates and the French Revolution

Married Woman’s Apron (<em>itjogolo</em> or <em>ijogolo</em>), Ndebele peoples
Married Woman’s Apron (itjogolo or ijogolo), Ndebele peoples

These decorated aprons were gifts from the groom’s family to his wife, and signified her new role in society.

Han Gan, <em>Night-Shining White</em>
Han Gan, Night-Shining White

Han’s Night-Shining White exemplifies the expressive power of the line, the backbone of Chinese painting.

Ottoman prayer carpet with triple-arch design
Ottoman prayer carpet with triple-arch design

This Muslim prayer carpet shares striking visual similarities to a Jewish carpet meant to cover the Torah ark

Inka checkerboard tunics
Inka checkerboard tunics

It is thought that these tunics were made for soldiers and the checkered pattern camouflaged them into an indistinguishable mass