Timbuktu, December 05, 2013 – Deputy Director Abdoulaye Cisse shows a burnt manuscript at the Institut des Hautes Etudes et de Recherche Islamiques Ahmed Baba in Timbuktu, North of Mali. 4203 manuscripts were destroyed by jihadists during the occupation. Many were hidden and saved at the Institute or by owners. Photo MINUSMA/Marco Dormino

Cite this page as: Beth Harris, "11289877375_48faff361c_o," in Smarthistory, March 30, 2018, accessed May 28, 2018, https://smarthistory.org/protect-cultural-heritage/11289877375_48faff361c_o/.