Required works of art for AP Art History

Below is the list of the 250 required works of art for the AP Art History course and exam. Each work has links to videos, images, and essays (and we regularly add and update material). Beth and I hope these free resources are both helpful and enjoyable. If you have a moment, please tell us a little about how Smarthistory has made a difference. You can leave a note on this form. Thanks!

This same list can be found on Khan Academy (same content, different site).

Content Area 1

Global Prehistory
30,000-500 B.C.E.

  1. Apollo 11 stones (essay, image, additional resources)
  2. Great Hall of Bulls (essay, image, additional resources)
  3. Camelid sacrum in the shape of a canine (essay, image,  additional resources)
  4. Running horned woman (essay, image, additional resources)
  5. Bushel with ibex motifs (video, image, additional resources)
  6. Anthropomorphic stele (essay, image, additional resources)
  7. Jade cong (video/essay, images, additional resources)
  8. Stonehenge (essay, video, images, additional resources)
  9. Ambum Stone (essayimage, additional resources)
  10. Tlatilco female figurine (video/essay, image, additional resources)
  11. Terracotta fragment (essayimage, additional resources)

Content Area 2
Ancient Mediterranean
3,500 B.C.E.-300 C.E.

  1. White Temple and its ziggurat (essay, image 1, image 2, additional resources)
  2. Palette of King Narmer (essay, image, additional resources)
  3. Statues of votive figures, from the Temple at Eshnunna (video, image, additional resources)
  4. Seated Scribe (video, image, additional resources)
  5. Standard of Ur from the Royal Tombs at Ur (video, essay, image, additional resources)
  6. Great Pyramids of Giza (essay, images, additional resources 1, additional resources 2)
    a. Pyramid of Khufu (essay, additional resources 1, additional resources 2)
    b. Pyramid of Khafre and the Great Sphinx (essay, additional resources 1, additional resources 2, additional resources 3)
    c. Pyramid of Menkaure (essay, image, additional resources)
  7. King Menkaura and Queen (essay, images, additional resources)
  8. The Law Code Stele of Hammurabi (video/essay, images, additional resources)
  9. Temple of Amun-Re and Hypostyle Hall (essay, video, images, additional resources)
  10. Mortuary Temple of Hatshepsut (video, images, additional resources)
  11. Akhenaton, Nefertiti, and three daughters (video, images, additional resources)
  12. Tutankhamun’s tomb, innermost coffin (essay, images, additional resources)
  13. Last judgment of Hu-Nefer (video/essay, images, additional resources)
  14. Lamassu, citadel of Sargon II, Dur Sharrukin (video, images, additional resources)
  15. Athenian Agora (video, images, additional resources)
  16. Anavysos Kouros (video, images, additional resources)
  17. Peplos Kore from the Acropolis (video, images, additional resources)
  18. Sarcophagus of the Spouses (video/essay, images, additional resources)
  19. Audience Hall (apadana) of Darius and Xeres (essay, images, additional resources)
    Related: Column capital, audience hall (apadana) of Darius at Susa (video, images)
  20. Temple of Minerva (Veii), sculpture of Apollo (video/essay, images, additional resources)
  21. Tomb of the Triclinium (essay, images, additional resources)
  22. Niobid Krater (video, images, additional resources)
  23. Doryphoros (Spear Bearer) (video/essay, images, additional resources)
  24. Acropolis
    a. Parthenon (video/essay, images, additional resources)
       i. Phidias, Parthenon sculpture (pediments, metopes and frieze)  (video, video 2, images, additional resources)
       ii. Plaque of the Ergastines (videoimages, additional resources)
       iii. The many lives of the Parthenon (essay)
    b. Victory adjusting her sandal, Temple of Athena Nike (video, images, additional resources)
  25. Grave Stele of Hegeso (video, images, additional resources)
  26. Winged Victory of Samothrace (video, images, additional resources)
  27. Great Altar of Zeus and Athena at Pergamon (video, images, additional resources)
  28. House of the Vettii (essay, images, additional resources)
  29. Alexander Mosaic, House of the Faun, Pompeii (video, images, additional resources)
  30. Seated Boxer (video, images, additional resources)
  31. Head of a Roman Patrician (essay, images, additional resources)
    Related: Veristic male portrait (video, additional resources)
  32. Augustus of Prima Porta (video/essay, images, additional resources)
  33. Colosseum (Flavian Amphitheater) (video, images, additional resources)
  34. Forum of Trajan (all images)
    a. Forum (video/essay, images, additional resources)
    b. Column (video/essay, images, additional resources)
    c. Markets (video, images)
  35. Pantheon (video/essay, images, additional resources)
  36. Ludovisi Battle Sarcophagus (video, images)

Content Area 3
Early Europe and Colonial Americas
200-1750 C.E.

  1. Catacomb of Priscilla (Greek Chapel, Orant, Good Shepherd frescos) (video, images, additional resource)
  2. Santa Sabina (video/essay, images, additional resource)
  3. Vienna Genesis
    a. Jacob Wrestling the Angel (video, image, additional resource)
    b. Rebecca and Eliezer at the Well (essay, image)
  4. San Vitale (Justinian and Theodora panels) (video/essay, image 1, image 2, contextual images, additional resource)
  5. Hagia Sophia (video/essay, all images, additional resource)
    a. Theotokos mosaic (video, image, additional resource)
    b. Deësis mosaic (video, images, additional resource)
    c. Hagia Sophia as a mosque (video, images, additional resource)
  6. Merovingian looped fibulae (essay, image, additional resource)
  7. Virgin (Theotokos) and Child between Saints Theodore and George (essay, image, additional resource)
  8. Lindisfarne Gospels, St. Matthew, cross-carpet page; St. Luke incipit page (video/essay, images, additional resource)
  9. Great Mosque, Córdoba, Spain (essay, images, additional resource)
  10. Pyxis of al-Mughira (essay, images, additional resource)
  11. Church of Sainte-Foy and Reliquary (essay, images, additional resource)
  12. Bayeux Tapestry (essay, video 1, video 2, images, additional resource 1)
  13. Chartres Cathedral (video, all images, additional resource 1, additional resource 2)
  14. Dedication Page with Blanche of Castile and King Louis IX of France, (essay, image, additional resources) and Scenes from the Apocalypse (essay, image, additional resources)—both from Bibles moralisée (moralized bibles)
  15. Röttgen Pietà (video/essay, images)
  16. Arena (Scrovegni) Chapel, including Lamentation (essay, images, additional resources)
    a. Introduction (video)
    b. fresco cycle (video)
    c. Lamentation (video)
    d. Last Judgment (video)
    e. virtual reality version (video)
  17. Golden Haggadah (essay, images, additional resources 1, additional resources 2)
  18. Alhambra (essay, image, additional resources)
  19. Annunciation Triptych (Merode Altarpiece) (video, images, additional resources)
  20. Pazzi Chapel, Filipo Brunellschi (video, images, additional resources)
  21. The Arnolfini Portrait, Jan van Eyck (video, essayimagesadditional resources)
  22. David, Donatello (video/essay, images, additional resources)
  23. Palazzo Rucellai, Leon Battista Alberti (video/essay, images, additional resources)
  24. Madonna and Child with Two Angels, Fra Filippo Lippi (video, image, additional resources)
  25. Birth of Venus, Sandro Botticelli (video, images, additional resources)
  26. Last Supper, Leonardo da Vinci (video/essay, image, additional resources)
  27. Adam and Eve, Albrecht Dürer (essay, image, additional resources)
  28. Sistine Chapel ceiling and altar wall frescos, Michelangelo
    a. Michelangelo, an introduction (essay)
    b. ceiling (video/essay, study for sibyl video, additional resources)
    c. altar wall (video/essay, additional resources)
  29. School of Athens, Raphael (video, images, additional resources); also an introduction to Raphael (essay)
  30. Isenheim Altarpiece, Matthias Grünewald (essay, images, additional resources)
  31. Entombment of Christ, Jacobo da Pontormo (video, image, additional resources)
  32. Allegory of Law and Grace, Lucas Cranach the Elder (essay, images, additional resources)
  33. Venus of Urbino, Titian (video, images, additional resources)
  34. Frontispiece of the Codex Mendoza (essay, images, additional resources)
  35. Il Gesù, including Triumph of the Name of Jesus ceiling fresco (video, image 1, image 2, additional resources)
  36. Hunters in the Snow, Pieter Bruegel the Elder (video/essayimage, additional resources)
  37. Mosque of Selim II (essay, images, additional resources)
  38. Calling of Saint Matthew, Caravaggio (video, images, additional resources)
  39. Henri IV Receives the Portrait of of Marie de’Medici, from the Marie de’Medici Cycle, Peter Paul Rubens (video/essay, images, additional resources)
  40. Self-Portrait with Saskia, Rembrandt van Rijn (essay, image, additional resources)
  41. San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane, Francesco Borromini (video, images, additional resources)
  42. Ecstasy of Saint Teresa, Gian Lorenzo Bernini (video, images, additional resources)
  43. Angel with Arquebus, Asiel Timor Dei, Master of Calamarca (essay, image, additional resources)
  44. Las Meninas, Diego Velazquez (video, image, additional resources)
  45. Woman Holding a Balance, Johannes Vermeer (video, image, additional resources)
  46. The Palace at Versailles (essay, images and maps, additional resources)
  47. Screen with Siege of Belgrade and hunting scene (video, images, additional resources)
  48. The Virgin of Guadalupe, Miguel González (essay, video/essay 2, additional resources)
  49. Fruit and Insects, Rachel Ruysch (video, images, additional resources)
  50. Spaniard and Indian Produce a Mestizo, attributed to Juan Rodríguez Juárez (essay, imageadditional resources)
  51. The Tête à Tête, from Marriage a la Mode, William Hogarth (video, images, additional resources)

Content Area 4
Later Europe and
1750-1980 C.E.

  1. Portrait of Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz, Miguel Cabrera (essay, image, additional resources)
  2. A Philosopher Giving a Lecture on the Orrery, Joseph Wright of Derby (essay, image, additional resources)
  3. The Swing, Jean-Honoré Fragonard (video, images, additional resources)
  4. Monticello, Thomas Jefferson (essay, images, additional resource 1 (click on the ‘text-based version of the site’), additional resource 2)
  5. The Oath of the Horatii, Jacques-Louis David (video/essay, images, additional resources)
  6. George Washington, Jean-Antoine Houdon (essay, image, additional resource 1, additional resource 2)
  7. Self-Portrait, Elisabeth Louise Vigée-LeBrun (essay, image, additional resources)
  8. Y no hai remedio (And There’s Nothing to Be Done), from Los Desastres de la Guerra (The Disasters of War), plate 15, Francesco de Goya (essay, images, additional resources)
  9. La Grande Odalisque, Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres (video/essay, images, additional resources)
  10. Liberty Leading the People, Eugène Delacroix (video/essay, images, additional resources)
  11. View from Mount Holyoke, Northampton, Massachusetts, after a Thunderstorm—The Oxbow, Thomas Cole (video/essay, images, additional resources)
  12. Still Life in Studio, Louis-Jacques-Mandé Daguerre (essay, image, additional resources)
  13. Slave Ship (Slavers Throwing Overboard the Dead and Dying, Typhoon Coming On), Joseph Mallord William Turner (video, images, additional resources)
  14. Palace of Westminster (Houses of Parliament), Charles Barry, A.W.N. Pugin (video, images, additional resources)
  15. The Stonebreakers, Gustave Courbet (essay, image, additional resource 1, additional resource 2)
  16. Nadar elevating Photography to Art, Honoré Daumier (essay, image, additional resources)
  17. Olympia, Édouard Manet (video, image, additional resources)
  18. The Saint-Lazare Station, Claude Monet (video/essay, image, additional resources)
  19. The Horse in Motion, Eadweard Muybridge (essay, image, additional resource 1, additional resource 2)
  20. The Valley of Mexico from the Hillside of Santa Isabel, José María Velasco (video/essay, images, additional resources)
  21. The Burghers of Calais, Auguste Rodin (essay, image, 3D image, additional resources)
  22. The Starry Night, Vincent van Gogh (essay, image, additional resources)
  23. The Coiffure, Mary Cassatt (essay, image, additional resources)
  24. The Scream, Edvard Munch (essay, image, additional resources)
  25. Where do we come from? What are we? Where are we going?, Paul Gauguin (essay, images, additional resources)
  26. Carson, Pirie, Scott and Company Building, Louis Sullivan (essay, images, additional resources)
  27. Mont Sainte-Victoire, Paul Cézanne (video/essay, images, additional resources)
  28. Les Demoiselles d’Avignon, Pablo Picasso (video/essay, images, additional resources)
  29. The Steerage, Alfred Stieglitz (video/essay, image, additional resources)
  30. The Kiss, Gustav Klimt (video, image, additional resources)
  31. The Kiss, Constantin Brancusi (video, images, additional resources)
  32. The Portuguese, Georges Braque (essay, images, additional resources)
  33. The Goldfish, Henri Matisse (essay, image, additional resources)
  34. Improvisation 28 (second version), Vasily Kandinsky (video, image, additional resources)
  35. Self-Portrait as a Soldier, Ernst Ludwig Kirchner (essay, image, additional resource)
  36. Memorial Sheet of Karl Liebknecht, Käthe Kollwitz (essay, image, additional resources)
  37. Villa Savoye, Le Corbusier (essay, images, additional resources)
  38. Composition with Red, Blue and Yellow, Piet Mondrian (essay, image, additional resources)
  39. Illustration from The Results of the First Five-Year Plan, Varvara Stepanova (essay, image, additional resources)
  40. Object (Le Déjeuner en fourrure), Meret Oppenheim (essay, quiz, image, additional resource)
  41. Fallingwater, Frank Lloyd Wright (essay, images, plans, elevations,  additional resource 1, additional resource 2)
  42. The Two Fridas, Frida Kahlo (essay, image, additional resources)
  43. The Migration of the Negro, Panel no. 49, Jacob Lawrence (videos, image, additional resources)
  44. The Jungle, Wilfredo Lam (essay, image, additional resources)
  45. Dream of a Sunday Afternoon in Alameda Central Park, Diego Rivera (essay, image, additional resources)
  46. Fountain, Marcel Duchamp (video, images, additional resources)
  47. Woman I, Willem de Kooning (video, images, additional resources)
  48. Seagram Building, Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, Philip Johnson (video, images, additional resources)
  49. Marilyn Diptych, Andy Warhol (essay, image, additional resources)
  50. Narcissus garden, Yayoi Kusama (essay, image, additional resources)
  51. The Bay, Helen Frankenthaler (essay, quiz, image, additional resources)
  52. Lipstick (Ascending) on Caterpillar Tracks, Claes Oldenburg (essay, image, additional resources)
  53. Spiral Jetty, Robert Smithson (video/essay, images, additional resources)
  54. House in New Castle County, Robert Ventura, John Rausch and Denise Scott Brown (essay, images, additional resources)

Content Area 5
Indigenous Americas
1000 B.C.E.-1980 C.E.

  1. Chavín de Huántar (essay, image, 3D image, additional resource 1, additional resource 2)
  2. Mesa Verde Cliff Dwellings (video/essay, images, additional resource)
  3. Yaxchilán lintel 25, structure 23 (essay, essay on related lintel, images, additional resource)
  4. Great Serpent Mound (essay, images, additional resource)
  5. Templo Mayor, Main Aztec temple (video/essay, images, additional resource)
    a. The Coyolxauhqui Stone (video, images, additional resource)
    b. Calendar stone (video, image, additional resource)
    c. Olmec-style mask (video, images, additional resource)
  6. Ruler’s feather headdress (probably of Moctezuma II) (video, images, additional resourcesee page 12)
  7. City of Cusco (essay, video, images, additional resource)
  8. Maize cobs (essay, imagesadditional resource 1, additional resource 2)
  9. City of Machu Picchu (essay, video, images, additional resource)
  10. All-T’oqapu Tunic (essay, image/additional resource)
  11. Bandolier Bag (video, essay, images, additional resource)
  12. Transformation mask (essay, image, additional resource)
  13. Painted elk hide, attributed to Cotsiogo (Cadzi Cody) (essay, image, additional resource)
  14. Black-on-black ceramic vessel, Maria Martínez and Julian Martínez (essay, image, additional resource)

Content Area 6
1100-1980 C.E.

  1. Conical tower and circular wall of Great Zimbabwe (essayvideo, images, additional resource)
  2. Great Mosque of Djenné (essay, video, images, additional resource)
  3. Wall plaque, from Oba’s palace (videoessay, images, additional resource)
  4. Sika dwa kofi (Golden Stool) (video, image, additional resource)
  5. Ndop (portrait figure) of King Mishe miShyaang maMbul (essay, image, additional resource)
  6. Nkisi n’kondi (essay, image, additional resource)
  7. Female (Pwo) Mask (video, images, additional resource)
  8. Portrait mask (Mblo) (essay, image, additional resource)
  9. Bundu mask (video, image, additional resource)
  10. Ikenga (shrine figure) (video, image, additional resource)
  11. Lukasa (memory board) (essay, image, additional resource)
  12. Aka elephant mask (video, images, additional resource)
  13. Reliquary figure (byeri) (video, images, additional resource)
  14. Veranda post of enthroned king and senior wife (Opo Ogoga) (essay, related video, image 1, images 2/additional resource)

Content Area 7
West and Central Asia
500 B.C.E.-1980 C.E.

  1. Petra, Jordan: Treasury and Great Temple (additional resource)
    a. Nabataeans introduction (essay)
    b. Petra and The Treasury (essay, images)
    c. Petra and the Great Temple (essay, images)
    d. UNESCO Siq project (video)
  2. Buddha, Bamiyan (essay, video, image, additional resource 1, additional resource 2)
  3. The Kaaba (essay, images, additional resource)
  4. Jowo Rinpoche, enshrined in the Jokhang Temple (essay, images, additional resource)
  5. Dome of the Rock (essay, images, additional resource)
  6. Great Mosque (Masjid-e Jameh), Isfahan (essay, images, additional resource)
  7. Folio from a Qur’an (essay, image, additional resource)
  8. Basin (Baptistère de Saint Louis), Mohammed ibn al-Zain (video, images, additional resource)
  9. Bahram Gur Fights the Karg, folio from the Great Il-Khanid Shahnama (essayimages, additional resource)
  10. The Court of Gayumars, folio from Shah Tahmasp’s Shahnama (videos/essayimages, additional resource 1, additional resource 2)
  11. The Ardabil Carpet (essay, images, additional resource)

Content Area 8
South, East and Southeast Asia
300 B.C.E.-1980 C.E.

  1. Great Stupa at Sanchi (video/essay, images, additional resource)
  2. Terracotta warriors from mausoleum of the first Qin emperor of China (essay, video, images, additional resource)
  3. Funeral banner of Lady Dai (Xin Zhui) (essay, images, additional resource)
  4. Longmen caves (essay, video, images, additional resource)
  5. Gold and jade crown (essay, image, additional resource)
  6. Todai-ji (essay, video, images, additional resource)
  7. Borobudur (essay, images, additional resource)
  8. Angkor, the temple of Angkor Wat, the city of Angkor Thom, Cambodia (essay, video, images, additional resource)
  9. Lakshmana Temple (essay, imagesadditional resource)
  10. Travelers among Mountains and Streams, Fan Kuan (essay, image, additional resource)
  11. Shiva as Lord of Dance (Nataraja) (essay, image, additional resource)
  12. Night Attack on the Sanjô Palace (essay, images, additional resource)
  13. The David Vases (video, images, additional resource 1, additional resource 2)
  14. Portrait of Sin Sukju (essay, image, additional resource)
  15. Forbidden City (video/essay, images, additional resource)
  16. Ryoan-ji (video/essay, images, additional resource 1, additional resource 2)
  17. Jahangir Preferring a Sufi Shaikh to Kings, Bichitr (essay, image, additional resource – scroll right)
  18. Taj Mahal (essay, images, additional resource)
  19. White and Red Plum Blossoms, Ogata Korin (essay, image, additional resource 1, additional resource 2, additional resource 3)
  20. Under the Wave off Kanagawa (Kanagawa oki nami ura), also known as The Great Wave, from the series Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji, Katsushika Hokusai (essay, image, additional resource)
  21. Chairman Mao en Route to Anyuan (essay, imageadditional resource)

Content Area 9
The Pacific
700-1980 C.E.

  1. Nan Madol (essay, images, additional resource)
  2. Moai on platform (ahu) (videoessay, images, additional resource 1, additional resource 2, additional resource 3)
  3. ‘Ahu ‘ula (feather cape) (essay, image, additional resource)
  4. Staff god (essay, images, additional resources)
  5. Female deity from Nukuoro (essay, images, additional resource 1, additional resource 2, additional resource 3)
  6. Buk mask (video, images, additional resource)
  7. Hiapo (tapa) (essay, image, additional resource)
  8. Tamati waka Nene, Gottfried Lindauer (essay, image, additional resource)
  9. Navigation chart (videoessay, image/additional resource)
  10. Malangan display and mask (essay, image 1, image 2, additional resource)
  11. Presentation of Fijian mats and tapas cloths to Queen Elizabeth II (essay, image, additional resource 1, additional resource 2)

Content Area 10
Global Contemporary
1980 C.E. to present

  1. The Gates, Christo and Jeanne-Claude (essay, images, additional resource)
  2. Vietnam Veterans Memorial, Maya Lin (video, images, additional resource)
  3. Horn Players, Jean-Michel Basquiat (essay, image, additional resource)
  4. Summer Trees, Song Su-nam (essay, image, additional resource)
  5. Androgyne III, Magdalena Abakanowicz (essay, image/additional resource)
  6. A Book from the Sky, Xu Bing (video, images, additional resource)
  7. Pink Panther, Jeff Koons (essay, images, additional resource)
  8. Untitled (#228), from the History Portraits series, Cindy Sherman (essay, image, additional resource)
  9. Dancing at the Louvre, from the series, The French Collection, part 1; #1, Faith Ringgold (essay, image, additional resource)
  10. Trade (Gifts for Trading Land with White People), Jaune Quick-to-See Smith (essay, image, additional resource)
  11. Earth’s Creation, Emily Kame Kngwarreye (essay, image, additional resource)
  12. Rebellious Silence, from the Women of Allah series, Shirin Neshat (artist); photo by Cynthia Preston (essay, image, additional resource)
  13. En la Barberia no se Llora (No Crying Allowed in the Barbershop), Pepon Osorio (essay, image 1, image 2, additional resource)
  14. Pisupo Lua Afe (Corned Beef 2000), Michel Tuffery (essay, video, images, additional resource)
  15. Electronic Superhighway, Nam June Paik (video/essay, image, additional resource)
  16. The Crossing, Bill Viola (essay, image, additional resource)
  17. Guggenheim Museum Bilbao, Frank Gehry (essay, images, additional resource)
  18. Pure Land, Mariko Mori (essay, image, additional resource)
  19. Lying with the Wolf, Kiki Smith (essay, image, additional resource)
  20. Darkytown Rebellion, Kara Walker (essay, image, additional resource)
  21. The Swing (After Fragonard), Yinka Shonibare (essay, images/additional resource)
  22. Old Man’s Cloth, El Anatsui (video, essay, image, additional resource)
  23. Stadia II, Julie Mehretu (essay, image, additional resource)
  24. Preying Mantra, Wangechi Mutu (essay, image, additional resource)
  25. Shibboleth, Doris Salcedo (essay, images, additional resource)
  26. MAXXI National Museum of XXI Century Arts, Zaha Hadid (video, images, additional resource)
  27. Kui Hua Zi (Sunflower Seeds), Ai Weiwei (video/essay, images, additional resource)

Special thanks to the many art historians and curators who have contributed their expertise as well as our museum partners, the American Museum of Natural History, the Asian Art Museum, The British Museum, The J. Paul Getty Museum, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, The Museum of Modern Art, and Tate.

AP Art History is a registered trademark of the College Board, which was not involved in the production of, and does not endorse, this product.

Cite this page as: Dr. Beth Harris and Dr. Steven Zucker, "Required works of art for AP Art History," in Smarthistory, January 25, 2017, accessed March 1, 2021,