A-Level: Identity – architecture









The severe exterior of this palace complex belies its highly decorative interior, once filled with art.

El Escorial, Spain




Durham Cathedral
Spiral columns, carved zig-zags, round arches—at Durham, the rhythmic Anglo-Norman Romanesque pulses with life.

Durham Cathedral



Altneushul synagogue, Prague
In the “Old New Synagogue,” desks surround a Torah plaform. Text outweighs image—only plants ornament the space.

Altneushul, Prague




The convento atrium was a place for preaching. This cross taught new converts about Christianity.

Atrial Cross at Acolman






The Hagia Sophia as a mosque
After the Ottomans conquered Constantinople, the sultan repurposed this church, adding slender “pencil” minarets.

Hagia Sophia as a mosque




The Pantheon, Rome, c. 125
The Pantheon has one of the most perfect interior spaces ever constructed—and it’s been copied ever since.

The Pantheon (Rome)