A-level: Nature—Landscape or Seascape 2D works

detail), Zhu Xiuli, Landscape, c. 1985-89, handscroll, ink and colour on paper, 30.3 cm high, China © Trustees of the British Museum
From mountain-shaped incense burners to paradisiacal Buddhist paintings, landscapes are central to Chinese art.

Chinese landscape painting

Giorgione, The Tempest, c. 1506-8 (Accademia) - detail
In the distance, lightning strikes. What does it mean? Poetic and evocative, this painting invites interpretation.

Giorgione, The Tempest

Joseph Mallord William Turner, Slave Ship (detail)
A beautiful sunset, but look closer. One of humanity’s most hideous acts—seen in the waves of the indifferent sea.

J. M. W. Turner, Slave Ship

Claude Monet, Poplars, 1891, oil on canvas, 36-5/8 x 29-3/16 inches / 93 x 74.1 cm (Philadelphia Museum of Art)
Obsessed with this view, Monet paid the owner of the trees not to cut them down until he finished his paintings.

Claude Monet, Poplars