A-Level: War – leaders




Tipu's Tiger
Made for a sultan, this unusual automaton emblematizes the fierce hostility between British and Indian rulers.

A-Level: Tipu’s Tiger











Column of Trajan, Carrara marble, completed 113 C.E., Rome
Trajan expanded the Roman Empire to its greatest extent, celebrating his victories with this monumental column.

Column of Trajan


Arch of Constantine, 312-315 C.E., and older spolia, marble and porphyry, Rome
For the first time, a Roman emperor celebrated victory over fellow Romans, and appropriated the art of earlier rulers.

Arch of Constantine, Rome