arthistorybasics




Cima, The Incredulity of Saint Thomas
Neither words nor images fully capture the Christian God. Despite this inherent difficulty, painters still tried.

The problem with Christ


Stupa 3, 1st c., Sanchi, India (photo: Nagarjun Kandukuru, CC: BY 2.0)
A mound of dirt or the body of the Buddha? These sacred sites give practitioners insight into the Four Noble Truths.

The stupa




Bust of a Bodhisattva Shakyamuni, 3rd-4th century (The Metropolitan Museum of Art)
Despite a princely upbringing, Siddhartha insisted he was just a man—albeit one who attained perfection.

The historical Buddha











Cave 19, Ajanta Caves
From simple assembly halls to expansive rock caves, buildings for Buddhist monks grew in complexity over time.

Buddhist Monasteries






Varanasi
Each year, millions of pilgrims come here to worship Shiva and to bathe in the holy waters of the River Ganges.

Varanasi: sacred city


Hindu Temples Madurai and Meenakshi
Often covered with figural sculpture, these dwelling places of the gods draw worshipers to their inner sanctuaries.

Hindu temples