The body

This bronze god sank to the bottom of the sea where he sat for millennia, but who is he and what can he tell us?

Artemision Zeus or Poseidon

“Stay and mourn at the monument of dead Kroisos, who raging Ares slew as he fought in the front ranks.”

Anavysos Kouros

Kritios Boy (detail)
Following war with the Persians, this highly naturalistic sculpture was buried out of respect.

Kritios Boy

Andrea Mantegna, Dead Christ (detail)
Mantegna was fascinated by perspective. His radical foreshortening and realism focus attention on Christ’s wounds.

Andrea Mantegna, Dead Christ

Barberini Faun (detail)
Part man, part goat, this companion of the god of wine relaxes after a night of drinking.

Barberini Faun

Venus of Willendorf
The name of this prehistoric sculpture refers to a Roman goddess—but what did she originally represent?

Venus of Willendorf

Michelangelo, Slaves (detail)
Bound to rock, these figures struggle to escape their marble prisons. One closes his eyes; the other looks to God.

Michelangelo, Slaves

Dying Gaul (detail)
Pain is visible on the face of this dying warrior. Did the ancient Greeks sympathize with their defeated enemies?

Dying Gaul