Early period

Gold dinar of caliph Abd al-Malik, © The Trustees of the British Museum
The Dome of the Rock. The Great Mosque in Damascus. The Great Mosque in Córdoba. These remarkable achievements are all Umayyad.

The Umayyads, an introduction

View of the Courtyard of the Great Mosque of Damascus, photo: Eric Shin, CC BY-NC 2.0
Once a temple to Zeus, the Great Mosque of Damascus, has survived the Syrian Civil War, and stands as one of the world's most important historic structures.

The Great Mosque of Damascus

The Great Mosque of Kairouan
Kairouan was an important early Islamic city in north Africa. Marble and porphyry columns flank its Great Mosque.

Kairouan (from UNESCO)

Mosque of Kairouan thumb
Used for Friday prayer, this mosque stood at the center of Kairouan’s commercial, educational, and religious life.

The Great Mosque of Kairouan

The Great Mosque of Cordoba
Recycled Roman columns fill the prayer hall of this dazzling mosque, one of the oldest built in Islamic Spain.

The Great Mosque of Córdoba