Etruscan: c. 800 – 300 B.C.E.

Before Rome, the Etruscan civilization ruled much what is now Italy. The Etruscans left fine metalwork, elaborate tombs and a deep mark on ancient Roman culture.

Terracotta kantharos (vase), 7th century B.C.E., Etruscan, terracotta, 18.39 cm high (The Metropolitan Museum of Art)
The distinct black pottery of the Etruscans, bucchero, shines like metal, and was a symbol of rank and achievement.