Art of India

Shore Temple
A temple with three shrines, this majestic complex faces the sea and features a rich sculptural program.

Shore Temple, Mamallapuram

The Taj Mahal
This huge white-marble mausoleum is recognized the world over for its splendor, symmetry, and stunning gardens.

The Taj Mahal

Sinan, Rüstem Paşa Mosque, exterior niche Mimar Sinan, Rüstem Pasha Mosque, 1561-63 (Istanbul)
One of the world’s main monotheistic faiths, Islam was founded by Muhammad, a merchant from Mecca.

Introduction to Islam

Tipu's Tiger
Made for a sultan, this unusual automaton emblematizes the fierce hostility between British and Indian rulers.

Tipu’s Tiger

Varanasi: sacred city
Each year, millions of pilgrims come here to worship Shiva and to bathe in the holy waters of the River Ganges.

Varanasi: sacred city

Cave 26, Ajanta (photo: Arian Zwegers, CC: BY 2.0)
Cut into a mountainside, this monastic complex is hard to see but offers a breathtaking glimpse of ancient India.

The Caves of Ajanta

Ashokan pillar, c. 279 B.C.E. - 232 B.C.E, Vaishali, India (where Buddha preached his last sermon). Photo: Rajeev Kumar, CC: BY-SA 2.5)
Topped with lions and lotus flowers, these ancient stone columns provide early evidence of the Buddhist faith.

The Pillars of Ashoka