Location City: Rome



Veristic male portrait (similar to Head of a Roman Patrician), early 1st Century B.C.E., marble, life size (Vatican Museums, Rome)
With age comes experience, and sculptors in the Roman Republic highlighted seniority—warts and all.

Veristic male portrait






The Colossus of Constantine, c. 312-15 (Palazzo dei Conservatori, Musei Capitolini, Rome)
Does the abstraction of form and faraway look in this colossal portrait hint at the growth of Christianity in Rome?

The Colossus of Constantine





Raphael, Galatea, c. 1513, fresco, Villa Farnesina, Rome, detail
With her twisting, spiraling body, this beautiful sea nymph embodies the complexity of High Renaissance movement.

Raphael, Galatea








Column of Trajan, Carrara marble, completed 113 C.E., Rome
Trajan expanded the Roman Empire to its greatest extent, celebrating his victories with this monumental column.

Column of Trajan






Arch of Constantine, 312-315 C.E., and older spolia, marble and porphyry, Rome
For the first time, a Roman emperor celebrated victory over fellow Romans, and appropriated the art of earlier rulers.

Arch of Constantine, Rome