Location Country: Peru



Caral, Peru, c 2600 B.C.E.
Caral's plan and some of its components, including pyramidal structures and residence of the elite, show clear evidence of ceremonial functions, signifying a powerful religious ideology.

Caral


The planning of this huge city, the largest in pre-Columbian America, reflects a strict political and social strategy

Chan Chan









Costumbrismo
Stereotypical folkloric scenes were widely circulated, shaping perceptions of Latin America at home and abroad.

Costumbrismo


Nasca culture
These images carved into the desert floor cannot be truly appreciated from the ground—so who were they made for?

Nasca Geoglyphs



Machu Picchu
The Inka emperor hosted feasts, performed religious ceremonies, and ruled his empire from this remote citadel.

Machu Picchu