Medieval books





Dr. Ilana Tahan explores the illumination of Jewish biblical manuscripts, looking at the religious grounds for artistic expression in the Bible, and the differences in styles between manuscripts produced in the Near East and those in Europe

Illumination of Jewish biblical texts



Dr. Kathleen Doyle introduces the characteristics and evolution of medieval biblical illumination, discussing the various functions of images in biblical texts, together with the use of different materials, calligraphic embellishments and stylistic influences.

Biblical illumination


The Bedford Hours, c. 1410–30, ink on parchment, 26 x 18.5 cm (The British Library)
Books of Hours were a popular feature of medieval Christianity in Europe. Dr Eleanor Jackson introduces their common features, uses and purposes, explaining features such as the Instruments of Christ’s Passion and the medieval veneration of saints.

Medieval prayer-books

















Bookcases in Hereford Chained Library
From cupboard shelfmarks to bookcase inventories, medieval readers devised codes for locating precious volumes.

Finding books