Medieval period

Located at the crossroads of several trade routes from the 2nd millennium B.C., Aleppo was ruled successively by the Hittites, Assyrians, Arabs, Mongols, Mamelukes and Ottomans


Folio from a Qur'an, 14th century, ink on paper, 13 1/5. x 5 1/5" (The Brooklyn Museum)
The Islamic world turned writing into an art, but it’s the decoration, not the script, that sets these folios apart.

Mamluk Qur’an