Middle Kingdom and New Kingdom


Full of spells, prayers, and incantations, the Book of the Dead helped on the journey to the afterlife.

Hunefer, Book of the Dead








Standing Hippopotamus, ca. 1961–1878 B.C.E., Egypt, Middle Kingdom, 7 7/8" x 2 15/16" x 4 7/16" / 20 cm x 7.5 cm x 11.2 cm (The Metropolitan Museum of Art)
This hippopotamus, found in a tomb, carries symbols of life and death, regeneration and chaos—why was it broken?

Standing Hippopotamus