Northern Wei Dynasty

Central Vairocana Buddha surrounded on either side by a monk, bodhisattva, heavenly king, a Vajrapani (thunderbolt holder), 673–75 C.E., Tang dynasty, limestone, Luoyang, Henan province, (photo: Kevin Poh, CC BY 2.0)
This cave complex reveals how Northern Wei and early Tang rulers used Buddhist imagery to assert authority.

Longmen caves, Luoyang