Exterior of the Church of Santa Maria de Belém (photo: Daniel VILLAFRUELA, CC By-SA 3.0)
For almost two hundred years, the Avis dynasty ruled Portugal and helped drive its transition from a small agricultural kingdom on the periphery of Christendom to a pioneer in global exploration, colonization, and trade.

The Rise and Fall of the Avis ...

belem grid
The Torre de Belém (Tower of Belém) remains one of the main symbols of Portugal’s global expansion during the so-called Age of Exploration

The Tower of Belém