Seeing America – Periods: 1877-1898

John Brown was a radical abolitionist who believed in using violence to destroy the violent institution of slavery. Thomas Hovenden's painting of a popular story about Brown's last moments, created 25 years after Brown's execution, promoted the righteousness of his cause at a time when state governments were stripping away the political gains made by African Americans during Reconstruction.
APUSH: KC-5.2.I.B, KC-5.3.II.C
TEKS: 113.41.(3)(C)

Teaching guide
Thomas Hovenden, The Last Moments of ...

John Gast, American progress, 1872, oil on canvas, 29.2 x 40 cm (Autry Museum of the American West)
A period of technological and commercial success, the Gilded Age was also an era of immense social problems.