Seeing America – topic: The Frontier Manifest Destiny and The American West

Thomas Moran, Grand Canyon of the Yellowstone (detail), 1872, oil on canvas mounted on aluminum, 213 x 266.3 cm (Smithsonian American Art Museum, Lent by the Department of the Interior Museum, L.1968.84.1)
Thomas Moran's painting of Yellowstone exemplifies the complex factors that characterized U.S. westward expansion and economic development after the Civil War. Railroads, government policies, and violence against Native American communities were all intertwined with the creation of the first national park.
APUSH: KC-6.2.II.A, KC-6.2.II.D

Teaching guide
Thomas Moran, Grand Canyon of the ...

Titus Kaphar, The Cost of Removal thumb
Kaphar’s painting uses defacement as a way of critiquing Andrew Jackson and his role in the Trail of Tears. It makes us consider the role of presidential power, both past and present.
APUSH: KC-4.3.I.B, KC-9.2.II.C

Teaching guide
Titus Kaphar, The Cost of Removal

Thomas Cole, The Hunter’s Return, 1845, oil on canvas
Thomas Cole's painting reflects both the hopes and the anxieties brought on by the Market Revolution and Manifest Destiny. As the United States expanded westward, displacing Indigenous communities, was its drive to industrialize destined to destroy the landscape's sublime beauty?
APUSH: KC-4.1.II.C, KC-4.2.III.A, KC-5.1.I.A

Teaching guide
Thomas Cole, The Hunter’s Return