videos + essays
Muscles, morals, and mongrels help to illustrate the stratification of social class in Victorian England.
Manet turns the tables—or in this case, the bar—on how we view painting.
This sentimental scene of a quiet moment of prayer in the fields reflects a nostalgia for religion in modern France.
Rosa Bonheur defies the patriarchy, one masterfully painted ox at a time.
Soft and lovely though it may be, this image struck fear in the hearts of urban elites when it was first exhibited.
Courbet chooses the real over the ideal in this harsh look at the labor that built the modern world.