Is Smarthistory reliable?


Yes. Smarthistory offers art history content by more than five hundred leading scholars (art historians, archaeologists, and museum curators). Almost all contributors hold an earned Ph.D. All Smarthistory content has undergone an open peer-review process where it is vetted by multiple scholars including those with applicable area expertise. Every essay on Smarthistory lists the author and links to their academic credentials.

And more than 500 universities, K12 districts, museums, libraries, and other learning institutions recommend and link to Smarthistory.

  1. Académie de Versailles
  2. Academy of the Arts University
  3. Akron-Summit County Public Library
  4. Albany Museum of Art
  5. Albright College
  6. Alfred University
  7. Association of College and Research Libraries
  8. American University
  9. American University of Beirut
  10. American University in Dubai
  11. American University in Paris
  12. ANISA Per l’educazione all’arte (National Association of Art History Teachers, Italy)
  13. Aristoi Classical Academy
  14. Arizona State University
  15. Arkansas Arts Center
  16. Art Educators of New Jersey
  17. Art History in Schools (UK)
  18. Art Institute of Chicago
  19. Association of College and Research Libraries
  20. Association of Historians of American Art
  21. Association for Library Service to Children, American Library Association
  22. Assumption College
  23. Athena Art Foundation (UK)
  24. Athens Technical College
  25. Atlanta University Center
  26. Austin Community College
  27. Australian National University
  28. Avila University
  29. Bard College
  30. Barnard College, Columbia University
  31. Baruch College, City University of New York
  32. Bay College
  33. Bellevue College
  34. Bennington College
  35. Bethel University
  36. Binghamton University
  37. Birmingham Public Library
  38. Borough of Manhattan Community College
  39. Bossier Parish Community College
  40. Boston College
  41. Boston University
  42. Bowdoin College
  43. Brescia University
  44. Bridgewater State University
  45. Brigham Young University
  46. Brisbane Boys’ College, Australia
  47. Bristol Community College
  48. Bronx Community College
  49. Brooklyn College
  50. Brooklyn Museum
  51. Brooklyn Public Library
  52. Brown University
  53. Bucknell University
  54. California College of the Arts
  55. California Community Colleges
  56. California Department of Education
  57. California Polytechnic State University
  58. California State Polytechnic University, Pomona
  59. California State University, Dominguez Hills
  60. California State University, Fresno
  61. California State University, Office of the Chancellor
  62. California State University, Northridge
  63. California State University, San Bernardino
  64. California University of Pennsylvania
  65. Camden County College
  66. Carleton University
  67. Carnegie Mellon University
  68. Carroll County Public Library
  69. Castleton University
  70. Generalitat de Catalunya Department d’Educació (Dept of Education, Catalonia, Spain)
  71. Central Arizona College
  72. Central Maine Community College
  73. Central Michigan University
  74. Chaffey College
  75. Christian Brothers University
  76. Cincinnati Museum Center
  77. Cistercian Preparatory School
  78. The Citadel
  79. Citrus College
  80. City Colleges of Chicago
  81. City College of New York, CUNY
  82. The Claremont Colleges
  83. The Classical Association
  84. Clemente Veterans Initiative
  85. CODART
  86. Cohoes City School District (Seeing America)
  87. Colegio Nueva Granada, Columbia
  88. College of Alameda
  89. College Art Association
  90. The College Board
  91. College for Creative Studies
  92. College of the Canyons
  93. College of Charleston
  94. College of the Mainland
  95. College of New Paltz
  96. College of the Ozarks
  97. College of Saint Rose
  98. College of St. Scholastica
  99. College of Southern Idaho
  100. College of Western Idaho
  101. Columbia Borough School District
  102. Columbia College, Sonora, CA
  103. Columbia College, Chicago
  104. Columbia College, Vancouver
  105. Columbia University
  106. Columbus State Community College
  107. Community College of Allegheny County
  108. Concordia University (Canada)
  109. Concordia University, Oregon
  110. Concordia University, Texas
  111. The Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science and Art
  112. Cornell University
  113. Cornwall Central School District
  114. Cossatot Community College of the University of Arkansas
  115. Crystal Bridges Museum of Art
  116. Cuesta College
  117. Cuyahoga Community College
  118. Dakota College at Bottineau
  119. Dallas College
  120. Davidson Institute
  121. Daytona State College
  122. Delta College
  123. Dennis-Yarmouth Regional School District, MA
  124. DePaul University
  125. Dickinson College
  126. Dixie State University
  127. Dominican University
  128. Drew University
  129. Drexel University
  130. Duke University
  131. Durham College
  132. Eagle Pass Public Library
  133. Eastern Florida State College
  134. Eastern Michigan State University
  135. East Tennessee State University
  136. eCampus Ontario (Canada)
  137. Edgewood College
  138. El Dorado High School
  139. Elizabeth City State University
  140. Emily Carr University (Canada)
  141. Emmanuel College
  142. Emory University
  143. ESC Region 13 (Austin school district)
  144. European Open edu
  145. Evangel University
  146. Evergreen Valley College
  147. Everhart Museum
  148. Fairfield University
  149. Fashion Institute of Technology, SUNY
  150. Felician University
  151. Florida A&M University
  152. Florida Atlantic University
  153. Florida Gulf Coast University
  154. Florida International University
  155. Florida State College at Jacksonville
  156. Florida State University
  157. Fontbonne University
  158. Fort Valley State University
  159. Fox Valley Technical College
  160. Fredrick County Government, Maryland
  161. Frick Art Reference Library
  162. Frostberg State University
  163. Furman University
  164. Gallerie Accademia, Venice
  165. Geneseo, SUNY
  166. Georgia State University
  167. Georgetown University
  168. Gettysburg College
  169. Glacier Peak High School
  170. Glendale Community College
  171. Google Arts & Culture
  172. Gompers Preparatory Academy
  173. Government of Malta
  174. Grand Valley State University
  175. Greene County Schools (public) TN
  176. Greenville Technical College
  177. Grossmont College
  178. Harold Washington College
  179. Hamilton School District
  180. Harvard Art Museums
  181. Harvard University
  182. Hautlieu School, UK
  183. Henry Ford College
  184. Hibbing Community College
  185. Highline College
  186. Hillsborough Community College
  187. Hills Road Sixth Form College, Cambridge
  188. HACC, Central Pennsylvania’s Community College
  189. Hofstra University
  190. Hong Kong Society for Education in Art
  191. Hope College
  192. Hostos Community College, City University of New York
  193. Houston Community College
  194. Howard College
  195. Howard County Public School System
  196. Hudson County Community College
  197. Humboldt State University
  198. Hunter College
  199. Indiana University, Bloomington
  200. Institute of Classical Studies, School of Advanced Study, University of London
  201. Institute of Fine Arts, New York University
  202. International Center of Medieval Art
  203. International School, Göteborg, Sweden
  204. Iowa State University
  205. Istanbul Ayvansaray University
  206. Italian ministry of culture and tourism
  207. Ivy Tech Community College
  208. James Madison University
  209. John Jay College of Criminal Justice
  210. Johnson & Wales University
  211. Juniata College
  212. Keene State College
  213. The Kennedy Center
  214. Kennewick School District, WA
  215. Khan Academy
  216. Kean University
  217. Knox County Public Library
  218. Koç University
  219. Krum Independent School District, TX
  220. Kwantlen Polytechnic University (Canada)
  221. Labette Community College
  222. LaGuardia Community College
  223. Lander University
  224. Lane Community College
  225. Langara College
  226. Lansing Community College
  227. La Salle Academy
  228. LDS Business College
  229. Lehman College, City University of New York
  230. Le Moyne College
  231. Lesley University
  232. Lewis University
  233. Limestone University
  234. Lincoln University
  235. Linfield College
  236. Linn-Benton Community College
  237. London Metropolitan University
  238. Lone Star College, University Park
  239. Los Angeles County Museum of Art (LACMA)
  240. Los Angeles Harbor College
  241. Los Angeles Valley College
  242. Louisiana State University
  243. Loyalist College
  244. Loyola University Chicago
  245. Macaulay Honors College
  246. Maine Department of Education
  247. Manhattan College
  248. Manor College
  249. Marist College
  250. Marquette University
  251. Mary Baldwin University
  252. Maryland Institute College of Art
  253. Massachusetts Art Education Association
  254. Massachusetts College of Liberal Arts
  255. Massachusetts Institute of Technology
  256. Massasoit Community College
  257. McNay Art Museum, TX
  258. Medicine Hat College
  259. Menlo College
  260. Mentone Girls’ Grammar School, Australia
  261. Merrimack College
  262. Merritt College
  263. Mesa Community College
  264. The Metropolitan Museum of Art
  265. Miami Dade College
  266. Miami University
  267. Middlesex Community College
  268. Midlands Technical College
  269. Millersville University of Pennsylvania
  270. Minnesota State University, Mankato
  271. Minnesota State University, Morehead
  272. Mississippi Department of Education
  273. Mississippi State University
  274. Missouri University of Science and Technology
  275. Monash University
  276. Monmouth University
  277. Montana State University
  278. Montgomery County Community College
  279. Moorpark California City Government
  280. Moreno Valley College
  281. Mount Saint Mary’s University
  282. Mt. San Antonio College
  283. Murray State University
  284. Museum Computer Network
  285. Mustang Public Schools, Oklahoma
  286. Nanjing International School
  287. Nanyang Technical University, Singapore
  288. Napa Valley College
  289. Nassau Community College
  290. National Museum of Asian Art, Smithsonian Institution
  291. National University
  292. Newcastle University, UK
  293. New School for Social Research
  294. New York City College of Technology
  295. Norquest College
  296. North Carolina Museum of Art
  297. North Cross School, Virginia
  298. North Dakota State Library
  299. Northeast Community College
  300. Northeastern Illinois University
  301. Northern Virginia Community College
  302. North Lake College
  303. North Shore Community College
  304. Northwest Arkansas Community College
  305. Northwest Nazarene University
  306. Northwestern Michigan College
  307. Northwestern University
  308. Norwalk Public Library
  309. Nova Scotia College of Art and Design
  310. Occidental College
  311. OER Commons
  312. Ohio State University
  313. Ohio University
  314. Ohio Wesleyan University
  315. Oak Creek Public Library, Wisconsin
  316. Oakton Community College
  317. Okanagan College
  318. Ontario Art Education Association
  319. Oregon State University
  320. Orient Institut Beirut
  321. Oswego State University of New York
  322. Otis College of Art and Design
  323. Oxford University Press
  324. Pasadena City College
  325. Pelham School District
  326. Pembroke Public Library
  327. Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts
  328. Pennsylvania College of Art & Design
  329. Pennsylvania State University
  330. Pepperdine University
  331. Perdue University Fort Wayne
  332. Piedmont Virginia Community College
  333. Pikes Peak Library District
  334. Pima Community College
  335. Pitt Community College
  336. Pittsford School District
  337. Portland Community College
  338. Pratt Institute
  339. Princeton University
  340. Queensborough Community College, CUNY
  341. Randolph College
  342. Raritan Valley Community College
  343. Renaissance Society of America
  344. Rhode Island College
  345. Rhodes College
  346. Richmond Community College
  347. Riverside County Office of Education, CA
  348. Rollins College
  349. Roosevelt University
  350. Rutgers University
  351. Ryerson University
  352. Sacramento City College
  353. Saginaw Valley State University
  354. Saint Albans Secondary College
  355. Santa Rosa Junior College
  356. Saint Clair County Community College
  357. Saint Francis College
  358. Saint Georges International School
  359. Saint Johns County School District
  360. Saint John’s University
  361. Saint Joseph’s University
  362. Saint Leo University
  363. Saint Mary’s College of California
  364. Salve Regina University
  365. Sam Houston State University
  366. San Antonio College
  367. San Bernardino Valley College
  368. San Diego City College
  369. San Jacinto College
  370. San Jose State University
  371. San Rafael City Schools
  372. Santa Rosa Junior College
  373. Santa Fe College
  374. Savannah College of Art and Design
  375. School of the Art Institute of Chicago
  376. Seminole State University
  377. Simmons University
  378. Skagit Valley College
  379. Skyline College
  380. Smithsonian American Art Museum
  381. Smithsonian Center for Learning and Digital Access
  382. Snohomish School District
  383. Snow College
  384. Society for the Arts in Religious and Theological Studies
  385. Society of Architectural Historians
  386. Sonoma State University
  387. Southeast Delco School District
  388. Southeast Service Cooperative, MN
  389. Southern Adventist University
  390. Southern California Institute of Architecture
  391. Southern Connecticut State University
  392. Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville
  393. Southern New Hampshire University
  394. Southern University and A&M College
  395. South Texas College
  396. Southwest Minnesota State University
  397. Spartanburg Community College
  398. Spartanburg Methodist College
  399. Spelman College
  400. Spokane Community College
  401. Spokane Falls Community College
  402. Spring Arbor University
  403. Springfield Technical Community College
  404. Stanford University
  405. Stephens College
  406. Sullivan University
  407. SUNY Broome
  408. SUNY Cobleskill
  409. SUNY Freedonia
  410. SUNY Geneseo
  411. SUNY New Paltz
  412. SUNY Oswego
  413. SUNY Potsdam
  414. SUNY Purchase
  415. SUNY Ulster
  416. Stephens College
  417. Syracuse University
  418. Tacoma Community College
  419. Teachers College, Columbia University
  420. Tennessee Arts Commission
  421. Terra Foundation for American Art
  422. Texas A&M International University
  423. Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board
  424. Texas State University
  425. Thomas Nelson Community College
  426. Tidewater Community College
  427. TMI Episcopal
  428. Toledo Museum of Art
  429. Touro College
  430. Tri-County Technical College
  431. Trident Technical College
  432. Tufts University
  433. Tulane University
  434. Tulsa Community College
  435. John Tyler Community College
  436. UNESCO
  437. Union County College
  438. United States Chamber of Commerce Foundation
  439. Universidad Panamericana, Mexico
  440. University College Cork, Ireland
  441. University College of London
  442. University for the Creative Arts
  443. University of Akron
  444. University of Alabama
  445. University of Alabama at Birmingham
  446. University of Alaska
  447. University. of Albany
  448. University of Arkansas
  449. University of British Columbia
  450. University at Buffalo
  451. University of Central Florida
  452. University of California, Berkeley
  453. University of California, Irvine
  454. University of California, Los Angeles
  455. University of California, San Diego
  456. University of Chicago
  457. University of Cincinnati
  458. University of Colorado, Boulder
  459. University for the Creative Arts
  460. University of Fine Arts, Münster
  461. University of Fraser Valley, Canada
  462. University of Hong Kong
  463. University of Houston-Downtown
  464. University of Illinois, Urbana
  465. University of Kansas
  466. University of Kentucky
  467. University of Lethbridge, Canada
  468. University of Louisville
  469. University of Maine
  470. University of Maryland
  471. University of Massachusetts, Amherst
  472. University of Massachusetts, Dartmouth
  473. University of Miami
  474. University of Michigan
  475. University of Minnesota
  476. University of Missouri
  477. University of Nebraska, Omaha
  478. University of Nevada, Reno
  479. University of New Hampshire
  480. University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
  481. University of North Carolina, Charlotte
  482. University of North Carolina, Greensboro
  483. University of North Carolina, Wilmington
  484. University of North Texas
  485. University of Ottawa (Canada)
  486. University of Oxford
  487. University of Pennsylvania
  488. University of the People
  489. University of Saint Francis
  490. University of South Africa
  491. University of South Australia
  492. University of South Carolina, Aiken
  493. University of South Carolina, Upstate
  494. University of South Dakota
  495. University of South Florida
  496. University of Sydney
  497. University of Texas, Arlington
  498. University of Texas, Austin
  499. University of Texas, San Antonio
  500. University of Texas, Tyler
  501. University of Toronto
  502. University of Utah
  503. University of Virginia
  504. University of Washington, Bothell
  505. University of the West
  506. University of West Florida
  507. University of West Georgia
  508. University of Wisconsin, Madison
  509. University of the Witwatersrand
  510. Upper Canada Virtual Library
  511. Ursinus College
  512. Utah Art Education Association
  513. Valor Christian High School
  514. Valencia College
  515. Valley City State University
  516. Vanderbilt University
  517. Victoria (Australia) Department of Education
  518. Virginia Commonwealth University
  519. Virginia Wesleyan University
  520. Wabash College
  521. The Warburg Institute, School for Advanced Study, University of London
  522. Washington University in Saint Louis
  523. Washtenaw Community College
  524. Waubonsee Community College
  525. West Texas A&M University
  526. West Tisbury Library
  527. West Virginia University
  528. Wellesley College
  529. Wellesley Middle School
  530. Wesleyan University
  531. Westchester Community College
  532. West Chester University
  533. Western Nevada College
  534. Westminster College
  535. West Texas A&M University
  536. West Virginia University
  537. Whatcom Community College
  538. White House Historical Association
  539. Whitman College
  540. Wichita State University
  541. Willamette University
  542. William Patterson University
  543. Williams College
  544. Winston-Salem State University
  545. Winthrop University
  546. Wisconsin Department of Public Instruction
  547. Woodland School District 50, IL
  548. Worcester Art Museum
  549. Wor-Wic Community College
  550. Wuhan University, China
  551. Yale University
  552. York College of Pennsylvania
Cite this page as: Smarthistory, "Is Smarthistory reliable?," in Smarthistory, January 22, 2021, accessed May 28, 2022, https://smarthistory.org/cite-smarthistory/.