Is Smarthistory reliable?


Yes. Smarthistory offers art history content provided by more than five hundred leading scholars (art historians, archaeologists, and museum curators). Almost all contributors hold an earned Ph.D. All Smarthistory content has undergone an open peer-review process where it is vetted by multiple scholars including those with applicable area expertise. Every essay on Smarthistory lists the author and links to their academic credentials.

And more than 600 universities, K12 districts, museums, libraries, and other learning institutions recommend and link to Smarthistory.

  1. Académie de Versailles
  2. Academic Senate for California Community Colleges
  3. Academy of the Arts University
  4. Akron-Summit County Public Library
  5. Albany College
  6. Albany Museum of Art
  7. Alberta University of the Arts
  8. Albright College
  9. Alfred University
  10. American Library Association
  11. American University
  12. American University of Beirut
  13. American University in Dubai
  14. American University in Paris
  15. ANISA Per l’educazione all’arte (National Association of Art History Teachers, Italy)
  16. Anne Arundel Community College
  17. Aristoi Classical Academy
  18. Arizona State University
  19. Arkansas Museum of Fine Arts
  20. Art Educators of New Jersey
  21. Art Explora Foundation, Paris
  22. Art History in Schools (UK)
  23. Art Institute of Chicago
  24. Association of College and Research Libraries
  25. Association of Historians of American Art
  26. Association for Library Service to Children, American Library Association
  27. Assumption College
  28. Athena Art Foundation (UK)
  29. Athens Technical College
  30. Atlanta University Center
  31. Austin Community College
  32. Australian National University
  33. Avila University
  34. Bard College
  35. Barnard College, Columbia University
  36. Baruch College, City University of New York
  37. Bay College
  38. Bellevue College
  39. Bennington College
  40. Bethel University
  41. Binghamton University
  42. Birmingham Public Library
  43. Borough of Manhattan Community College
  44. Bossier Parish Community College
  45. Boston College
  46. Boston University
  47. Bowdoin College
  48. Brescia University
  49. Bridgewater State University
  50. Brigham Young University
  51. Brisbane Boys’ College, Australia
  52. Bristol Community College
  53. Bronx Community College
  54. Brooklyn College
  55. Brooklyn Museum
  56. Brooklyn Public Library
  57. Brown University
  58. Bucknell University
  59. California College of the Arts
  60. California Community Colleges
  61. California Department of Education
  62. California Polytechnic State University
  63. California State Polytechnic University, Pomona
  64. California State University, Dominguez Hills
  65. California State University, Fresno
  66. California State University, Fullerton
  67. California State University, Office of the Chancellor
  68. California State University, Northridge
  69. California State University, San Bernardino
  70. California University of Pennsylvania
  71. Camden County College
  72. Carlteton College
  73. Carleton University
  74. Carnegie Mellon University
  75. Carroll County Public Library
  76. Castleton University
  77. Cedarville University
  78. Central Arizona College
  79. Central Maine Community College
  80. Central Michigan University
  81. Chaffey College
  82. Christian Brothers University
  83. Cincinnati Museum Center
  84. Cistercian Preparatory School
  85. The Citadel
  86. Citrus College
  87. City Colleges of Chicago
  88. City College of New York, CUNY
  89. Claremont McKenna College
  90. The Classical Association
  91. Clemente Veterans Initiative
  92. CODART
  93. Cohoes City School District (Seeing America)
  94. Colegio Nueva Granada, Columbia
  95. Colegio de San Juan de Letran, Bataan
  96. College of Alameda
  97. College Art Association
  98. The College Board
  99. College for Creative Studies
  100. College of the Canyons
  101. College of Charleston
  102. College of the Holy Cross
  103. College of Lake County
  104. College of the Mainland
  105. College of New Paltz
  106. College of the Ozarks
  107. College of Saint Rose
  108. College of St. Scholastica
  109. College of Southern Idaho
  110. College of Western Idaho
  111. Columbia Borough School District
  112. Columbia College, Sonora, CA
  113. Columbia College, Chicago
  114. Columbia College, Vancouver
  115. Columbia University
  116. Columbus State Community College
  117. Community College of Allegheny County
  118. Concordia University (Canada)
  119. Concordia University, Oregon
  120. Concordia University, Saint Paul
  121. Concordia University, Texas
  122. Concordia University Wisconsin
  123. The Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science and Art
  124. Cornell University
  125. Cornwall Central School District
  126. Cossatot Community College of the University of Arkansas
  127. Crystal Bridges Museum of Art
  128. Cuesta College
  129. Cuyahoga Community College
  130. Dakota College at Bottineau
  131. Dallas College
  132. Davidson Institute
  133. Daytona State College
  134. Delta College
  135. Dennis-Yarmouth Regional School District, MA
  136. DePaul University
  137. Dickinson College
  138. Dixie State University
  139. Dominican University
  140. Drew University
  141. Drexel University
  142. Duke University
  143. Durham College
  144. Eagle Pass Public Library
  145. Eastern Florida State College
  146. Eastern Michigan State University
  147. East Tennessee State University
  148. eCampus Ontario (Canada)
  149. Edgewood College
  150. El Camino College
  151. El Dorado High School
  152. Elizabeth City State University
  153. Emily Carr University (Canada)
  154. Emmanuel College
  155. Emory University
  156. Equal Justice Initiative
  157. ESC Region 13 (Austin school district)
  158. European Open edu
  159. Evangel University
  160. Evergreen Valley College
  161. Everhart Museum
  162. Fairfield University
  163. Fashion Institute of Technology, SUNY
  164. Felician University
  165. Florida A&M University
  166. Florida Atlantic University
  167. Florida Gulf Coast University
  168. Florida International University
  169. Florida State College at Jacksonville
  170. Florida State University
  171. Fontbonne University
  172. Fort Valley State University
  173. Fox Valley Technical College
  174. Fredrick County Government, Maryland
  175. Frick Art Reference Library
  176. Frostberg State University
  177. Furman University
  178. Gallerie Accademia, Venice
  179. Generalitat de Catalunya Department d’Educació (Dept of Education, Catalonia, Spain)
  180. Geneseo, SUNY
  181. Georgia State University
  182. Georgetown University
  183. George Washington University
  184. Getty Museum
  185. Gettysburg College
  186. Glacier Peak High School
  187. Glendale Community College
  188. Google Arts & Culture
  189. Gompers Preparatory Academy
  190. Government of Malta
  191. Grand Valley State University
  192. Greene County Schools (public) TN
  193. Greenville Technical College
  194. Grossmont College
  195. Harold Washington College
  196. Hamilton College
  197. Hamilton School District
  198. Harvard Art Museums
  199. Harvard University
  200. Harvey Mudd College
  201. Hautlieu School, UK
  202. Henry Ford College
  203. Hibbing Community College
  204. Highline College
  205. Hillsborough Community College
  206. Hills Road Sixth Form College, Cambridge
  207. HACC, Central Pennsylvania’s Community College
  208. Hofstra University
  209. Hong Kong Polytechnic University
  210. Hong Kong Society for Education in Art
  211. Hope College
  212. Hostos Community College, City University of New York
  213. Houston Community College
  214. Howard College
  215. Howard County Public School System
  216. Hudson County Community College
  217. Humboldt State University
  218. Hunter College
  219. Indiana University, Bloomington
  220. Institute of Classical Studies, School of Advanced Study, University of London
  221. Institute of Fine Arts, New York University
  222. International Center of Medieval Art
  223. International School, Göteborg, Sweden
  224. Iowa State University
  225. Istanbul Ayvansaray University
  226. Italian ministry of culture and tourism
  227. Ivy Tech Community College
  228. James Madison University
  229. John Jay College of Criminal Justice
  230. Johnson & Wales University
  231. Joan of Arc Catholic Secondary School
  232. Juniata College
  233. Keck Graduate Institute
  234. Keene State College
  235. The Kennedy Center
  236. Kennewick School District, WA
  237. Kenya Ministry of Education (TVETA)
  238. Khan Academy
  239. Kean University
  240. Knox County Public Library
  241. Koç University
  242. Krum Independent School District, TX
  243. Kwantlen Polytechnic University (Canada)
  244. Labette Community College
  245. LaGuardia Community College
  246. Lander University
  247. Lane Community College
  248. Langara College
  249. Lansing Community College
  250. La Salle Academy
  251. LDS Business College
  252. Lehman College, City University of New York
  253. Le Moyne College
  254. Lesley University
  255. Lewis University
  256. Limestone University
  257. Lincoln University
  258. Linfield College
  259. Linn-Benton Community College
  260. London Metropolitan University
  261. Lone Star College, University Park
  262. Los Angeles County Museum of Art (LACMA)
  263. Los Angeles Harbor College
  264. Los Angeles Valley College
  265. Louisiana State University
  266. Loyalist College
  267. Loyola University Chicago
  268. Macaulay Honors College
  269. Maine Department of Education
  270. Manhattan College
  271. Manor College
  272. Marist College
  273. Marquette University
  274. Mary Baldwin University
  275. Maryland Institute College of Art
  276. Massachusetts Art Education Association
  277. Massachusetts College of Liberal Arts
  278. Massachusetts Institute of Technology
  279. Massasoit Community College
  280. McNay Art Museum, TX
  281. Medicine Hat College
  282. Menlo College
  283. Mentone Girls’ Grammar School, Australia
  284. Merrimack College
  285. Merritt College
  286. Mesa Community College
  287. The Metropolitan Museum of Art
  288. Miami Dade College
  289. Miami University
  290. Middlesex Community College
  291. Midlands Technical College
  292. Millersville University of Pennsylvania
  293. Milwaukee Area Technical College
  294. Minnesota North College
  295. Minnesota State University, Mankato
  296. Minnesota State University, Morehead
  297. Mississippi Department of Education
  298. Mississippi State University
  299. Missouri University of Science and Technology
  300. Molloy University
  301. Monash University
  302. Monmouth University
  303. Montana State University
  304. Montgomery County Community College
  305. Moorpark California City Government
  306. Moreno Valley College
  307. Mount Saint Mary’s University
  308. Mt. San Antonio College
  309. Murray State University
  310. Museum Computer Network
  311. Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
  312. Mustang Public Schools, Oklahoma
  313. Nanjing International School
  314. Nanyang Technical University, Singapore
  315. Napa Valley College
  316. Nassau Community College
  317. National Museum of Asian Art, Smithsonian Institution
  318. National University
  319. Newcastle University, UK
  320. New School for Social Research
  321. New York City College of Technology
  322. New York Institute of Technology
  323. Norquest College
  324. North Carolina Museum of Art
  325. North Cross School, Virginia
  326. North Dakota State Library
  327. Northeast Community College
  328. Northeastern Illinois University
  329. Northern Illinois University
  330. Northern Virginia Community College
  331. North Lake College
  332. North Shore Community College
  333. Northwest Arkansas Community College
  334. Northwest Nazarene University
  335. Northwestern Michigan College
  336. Northwestern University
  337. Norwalk Public Library
  338. Nova Scotia College of Art and Design
  339. Occidental College
  340. OER Commons
  341. Ohio State University
  342. Ohio University
  343. Ohio Wesleyan University
  344. Oak Creek Public Library, Wisconsin
  345. Oakton Community College
  346. Okanagan College
  347. Oklahoma State University
  348. Ontario Art Education Association
  349. Oregon State University
  350. Orient Institut Beirut
  351. Oswego State University of New York
  352. Otis College of Art and Design
  353. Oxford University Press
  354. Pasadena City College
  355. Pelham School District
  356. Pembroke Public Library
  357. Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts
  358. Pennsylvania College of Art & Design
  359. Pennsylvania State University
  360. Pepperdine University
  361. Perdue University Fort Wayne
  362. Piedmont Virginia Community College
  363. Pikes Peak Library District
  364. Pima Community College
  365. Pitt Community College
  366. Pittsford School District
  367. Pitzer College
  368. Point Loma Nazarene University
  369. Pomona College
  370. Portland Community College
  371. Pratt Institute
  372. Princeton University
  373. Queensborough Community College, CUNY
  374. Randolph College
  375. Raritan Valley Community College
  376. Renaissance Society of America
  377. Rhode Island College
  378. Rhodes College
  379. Richmond Community College
  380. Rio Hondo College
  381. Riverside County Office of Education, CA
  382. Rollins College
  383. Roosevelt University
  384. Rowan-Cabarrus Community College
  385. Rutgers University
  386. Ryerson University
  387. Sacramento City College
  388. Saginaw Valley State University
  389. Saint Albans Secondary College
  390. Santa Rosa Junior College
  391. Saint Clair County Community College
  392. Saint Francis College
  393. Saint Georges International School
  394. Saint Johns County School District
  395. Saint John’s University
  396. Saint Joseph’s University
  397. Saint Leo University
  398. Saint Mary’s College of California
  399. Salve Regina University
  400. Sam Houston State University
  401. San Antonio College
  402. San Bernardino Valley College
  403. San Diego City College
  404. San Jacinto College
  405. San Jose State University
  406. San Rafael City Schools
  407. Santa Rosa Junior College
  408. Santa Fe College
  409. Savannah College of Art and Design
  410. School of the Art Institute of Chicago
  411. Scripts College
  412. Seattle Central College
  413. Seminole State University
  414. Simmons University
  415. Skagit Valley College
  416. Skyline College
  417. Smithsonian American Art Museum
  418. Smithsonian Center for Learning and Digital Access
  419. Smithsonian Libraries
  420. Snohomish School District
  421. Snow College
  422. Society for the Arts in Religious and Theological Studies
  423. Society of Architectural Historians
  424. Sonoma State University
  425. South West Institute of TAFE, Australia
  426. Southeast Delco School District
  427. Southeast Service Cooperative, MN
  428. Southern Adventist University
  429. Southern California Institute of Architecture
  430. Southern Connecticut State University
  431. Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville
  432. Southern New Hampshire University
  433. Southern University and A&M College
  434. South Texas College
  435. Southwest Minnesota State University
  436. Spartanburg Community College
  437. Spartanburg Methodist College
  438. Spelman College
  439. Spokane Community College
  440. Spokane Falls Community College
  441. Spring Arbor University
  442. Springfield Technical Community College
  443. Stanford University
  444. Stephens College
  445. Stonybrook University, SUNY
  446. Sullivan University
  447. SUNY Broome
  448. SUNY Cobleskill
  449. SUNY Freedonia
  450. SUNY Geneseo
  451. SUNY New Paltz
  452. SUNY Oswego
  453. SUNY Potsdam
  454. SUNY Purchase
  455. SUNY Ulster
  456. Stephens College
  457. Syracuse University
  458. Tacoma Community College
  459. Teachers College, Columbia University
  460. Tennessee Arts Commission
  461. Terra Foundation for American Art
  462. Texas A&M International University
  463. Texas A&M University-Commerce
  464. Texas A&M University-Kingsville
  465. Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board
  466. Texas State University
  467. Thomas Nelson Community College
  468. Tidewater Community College
  469. TMI Episcopal
  470. Toledo Museum of Art
  471. Touro College
  472. Tri-County Technical College
  473. Trident Technical College
  474. Trinity Christian College
  475. Tufts University
  476. Tulane University
  477. Tulsa Community College
  478. John Tyler Community College
  479. UNESCO
  480. Union County College
  481. United World College, Changshu China
  482. United States Chamber of Commerce Foundation
  483. Universidad Panamericana, Mexico
  484. University College Cork, Ireland
  485. University College of London
  486. University for the Creative Arts
  487. University of Akron
  488. University of Alabama
  489. University of Alabama at Birmingham
  490. University of Alaska
  491. University of Alaska, Fairbanks
  492. University of Albany
  493. University of Alberta
  494. University of Arkansas
  495. University of British Columbia
  496. University at Buffalo
  497. University of California, Berkeley
  498. University of California, Irvine
  499. University of California, Los Angeles
  500. University of California, San Diego
  501. University of Cambridge
  502. University of Central Florida
  503. University of Chicago
  504. University of Cincinnati
  505. University of Colorado, Boulder
  506. University of the Cumberlands
  507. University for the Creative Arts
  508. University of Fine Arts, Münster
  509. University of Fraser Valley, Canada
  510. University of Hong Kong
  511. University of Houston-Downtown
  512. University of Illinois, Urbana
  513. University of Kansas
  514. University of Kentucky
  515. University of Lethbridge, Canada
  516. University of Louisville
  517. University of Maine
  518. University of Manitoba
  519. University of Maryland
  520. University of Massachusetts, Amherst
  521. University of Massachusetts, Dartmouth
  522. University of Massachusetts, Lowell
  523. University of Miami
  524. University of Michigan
  525. University of Michigan, Dearborn
  526. University of Minnesota
  527. University of Missouri
  528. University of Nebraska, Omaha
  529. University of Nevada, Reno
  530. University of New Hampshire
  531. University of New South Wales, Australia
  532. University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
  533. University of North Carolina, Charlotte
  534. University of North Carolina, Greensboro
  535. University of North Carolina, Wilmington
  536. University of North Texas
  537. University of Ottawa (Canada)
  538. University of Oxford
  539. University of Pennsylvania
  540. University of the People
  541. University of Pittsburgh
  542. University of Saint Francis
  543. University of South Africa
  544. University of South Australia
  545. University of South Carolina, Aiken
  546. University of South Carolina, Upstate
  547. University of South Dakota
  548. University of South Florida
  549. University of Sydney
  550. University of Texas, Arlington
  551. University of Texas, Austin
  552. University of Texas, San Antonio
  553. University of Texas Permian Basin
  554. University of Texas, Tyler
  555. University of Toronto, Canada
  556. University of Turku, Finland
  557. University of Utah
  558. University of Virginia
  559. University of Warwick, UK
  560. University of Washington, Bothell
  561. University of the West
  562. University of West Florida
  563. University of West Georgia
  564. University of Wisconsin, Madison
  565. University of the Witwatersrand
  566. Upper Canada Virtual Library
  567. Ursinus College
  568. Utah Art Education Association
  569. Valor Christian High School
  570. Valencia College
  571. Valley City State University
  572. Vanderbilt University
  573. Vassar College
  574. Victoria (Australia) Department of Education
  575. Villanova University
  576. Virginia Commonwealth University
  577. Virginia Wesleyan University
  578. Wabash College
  579. Wallkill Central School District
  580. The Warburg Institute, School for Advanced Study, University of London
  581. Washington University in Saint Louis
  582. Washtenaw Community College
  583. Waubonsee Community College
  584. West Texas A&M University
  585. West Tisbury Library
  586. West Virginia University
  587. Wellesley College
  588. Wellesley Middle School
  589. Wesleyan University
  590. Westchester Community College
  591. West Chester University
  592. Western Michigan University
  593. Western Nevada College
  594. Westminster College
  595. West Texas A&M University
  596. West Virginia University
  597. Whatcom Community College
  598. White House Historical Association
  599. Whitman College
  600. Wichita State University
  601. Willamette University
  602. William Patterson University
  603. Williams College
  604. Winston-Salem State University
  605. Winthrop University
  606. Wisconsin Department of Public Instruction
  607. Woodland School District 50, IL
  608. Worcester Art Museum
  609. Wor-Wic Community College
  610. Wuhan University, China
  611. Yale University
  612. York College of Pennsylvania
Cite this page as: Smarthistory, "Is Smarthistory reliable?," in Smarthistory, January 22, 2021, accessed February 5, 2023, https://smarthistory.org/cite-smarthistory/.