Is Smarthistory reliable?


Yes. Smarthistory offers art history content provided by more than five hundred leading scholars (art historians, archaeologists, and museum curators). Almost all contributors hold an earned Ph.D. All Smarthistory content has undergone an open peer-review process where it is vetted by multiple scholars including those with applicable area expertise. Every essay on Smarthistory lists the author and links to their academic credentials.

And more than 600 universities, K12 districts, museums, libraries, and other learning institutions recommend and link to Smarthistory.

  1. Académie de Versailles
  2. Academic Senate for California Community Colleges
  3. Academy of the Arts University
  4. Akron-Summit County Public Library
  5. Albany College
  6. Albany Museum of Art
  7. Alberta University of the Arts
  8. Albright College
  9. Alfred University
  10. American Library Association
  11. American University
  12. American University of Beirut
  13. American University in Dubai
  14. American University in Paris
  15. ANISA Per l’educazione all’arte (National Association of Art History Teachers, Italy)
  16. Anne Arundel Community College
  17. Aristoi Classical Academy
  18. Arizona State University
  19. Arkansas Arts Center
  20. Art Educators of New Jersey
  21. Art Explora Foundation, Paris
  22. Art History in Schools (UK)
  23. Art Institute of Chicago
  24. Association of College and Research Libraries
  25. Association of Historians of American Art
  26. Association for Library Service to Children, American Library Association
  27. Assumption College
  28. Athena Art Foundation (UK)
  29. Athens Technical College
  30. Atlanta University Center
  31. Austin Community College
  32. Australian National University
  33. Avila University
  34. Bard College
  35. Barnard College, Columbia University
  36. Baruch College, City University of New York
  37. Bay College
  38. Bellevue College
  39. Bennington College
  40. Bethel University
  41. Binghamton University
  42. Birmingham Public Library
  43. Borough of Manhattan Community College
  44. Bossier Parish Community College
  45. Boston College
  46. Boston University
  47. Bowdoin College
  48. Brescia University
  49. Bridgewater State University
  50. Brigham Young University
  51. Brisbane Boys’ College, Australia
  52. Bristol Community College
  53. Bronx Community College
  54. Brooklyn College
  55. Brooklyn Museum
  56. Brooklyn Public Library
  57. Brown University
  58. Bucknell University
  59. California College of the Arts
  60. California Community Colleges
  61. California Department of Education
  62. California Polytechnic State University
  63. California State Polytechnic University, Pomona
  64. California State University, Dominguez Hills
  65. California State University, Fresno
  66. California State University, Fullerton
  67. California State University, Office of the Chancellor
  68. California State University, Northridge
  69. California State University, San Bernardino
  70. California University of Pennsylvania
  71. Camden County College
  72. Carlteton College
  73. Carleton University
  74. Carnegie Mellon University
  75. Carroll County Public Library
  76. Castleton University
  77. Cedarville University
  78. Central Arizona College
  79. Central Maine Community College
  80. Central Michigan University
  81. Chaffey College
  82. Christian Brothers University
  83. Cincinnati Museum Center
  84. Cistercian Preparatory School
  85. The Citadel
  86. Citrus College
  87. City Colleges of Chicago
  88. City College of New York, CUNY
  89. Claremont McKenna College
  90. The Classical Association
  91. Clemente Veterans Initiative
  92. CODART
  93. Cohoes City School District (Seeing America)
  94. Colegio Nueva Granada, Columbia
  95. Colegio de San Juan de Letran, Bataan
  96. College of Alameda
  97. College Art Association
  98. The College Board
  99. College for Creative Studies
  100. College of the Canyons
  101. College of Charleston
  102. College of the Holy Cross
  103. College of Lake County
  104. College of the Mainland
  105. College of New Paltz
  106. College of the Ozarks
  107. College of Saint Rose
  108. College of St. Scholastica
  109. College of Southern Idaho
  110. College of Western Idaho
  111. Columbia Borough School District
  112. Columbia College, Sonora, CA
  113. Columbia College, Chicago
  114. Columbia College, Vancouver
  115. Columbia University
  116. Columbus State Community College
  117. Community College of Allegheny County
  118. Concordia University (Canada)
  119. Concordia University, Oregon
  120. Concordia University, Saint Paul
  121. Concordia University, Texas
  122. Concordia University Wisconsin
  123. The Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science and Art
  124. Cornell University
  125. Cornwall Central School District
  126. Cossatot Community College of the University of Arkansas
  127. Crystal Bridges Museum of Art
  128. Cuesta College
  129. Cuyahoga Community College
  130. Dakota College at Bottineau
  131. Dallas College
  132. Davidson Institute
  133. Daytona State College
  134. Delta College
  135. Dennis-Yarmouth Regional School District, MA
  136. DePaul University
  137. Dickinson College
  138. Dixie State University
  139. Dominican University
  140. Drew University
  141. Drexel University
  142. Duke University
  143. Durham College
  144. Eagle Pass Public Library
  145. Eastern Florida State College
  146. Eastern Michigan State University
  147. East Tennessee State University
  148. eCampus Ontario (Canada)
  149. Edgewood College
  150. El Camino College
  151. El Dorado High School
  152. Elizabeth City State University
  153. Emily Carr University (Canada)
  154. Emmanuel College
  155. Emory University
  156. ESC Region 13 (Austin school district)
  157. European Open edu
  158. Evangel University
  159. Evergreen Valley College
  160. Everhart Museum
  161. Fairfield University
  162. Fashion Institute of Technology, SUNY
  163. Felician University
  164. Florida A&M University
  165. Florida Atlantic University
  166. Florida Gulf Coast University
  167. Florida International University
  168. Florida State College at Jacksonville
  169. Florida State University
  170. Fontbonne University
  171. Fort Valley State University
  172. Fox Valley Technical College
  173. Fredrick County Government, Maryland
  174. Frick Art Reference Library
  175. Frostberg State University
  176. Furman University
  177. Gallerie Accademia, Venice
  178. Generalitat de Catalunya Department d’Educació (Dept of Education, Catalonia, Spain)
  179. Geneseo, SUNY
  180. Georgia State University
  181. Georgetown University
  182. George Washington University
  183. Getty Museum
  184. Gettysburg College
  185. Glacier Peak High School
  186. Glendale Community College
  187. Google Arts & Culture
  188. Gompers Preparatory Academy
  189. Government of Malta
  190. Grand Valley State University
  191. Greene County Schools (public) TN
  192. Greenville Technical College
  193. Grossmont College
  194. Harold Washington College
  195. Hamilton College
  196. Hamilton School District
  197. Harvard Art Museums
  198. Harvard University
  199. Harvey Mudd College
  200. Hautlieu School, UK
  201. Henry Ford College
  202. Hibbing Community College
  203. Highline College
  204. Hillsborough Community College
  205. Hills Road Sixth Form College, Cambridge
  206. HACC, Central Pennsylvania’s Community College
  207. Hofstra University
  208. Hong Kong Polytechnic University
  209. Hong Kong Society for Education in Art
  210. Hope College
  211. Hostos Community College, City University of New York
  212. Houston Community College
  213. Howard College
  214. Howard County Public School System
  215. Hudson County Community College
  216. Humboldt State University
  217. Hunter College
  218. Indiana University, Bloomington
  219. Institute of Classical Studies, School of Advanced Study, University of London
  220. Institute of Fine Arts, New York University
  221. International Center of Medieval Art
  222. International School, Göteborg, Sweden
  223. Iowa State University
  224. Istanbul Ayvansaray University
  225. Italian ministry of culture and tourism
  226. Ivy Tech Community College
  227. James Madison University
  228. John Jay College of Criminal Justice
  229. Johnson & Wales University
  230. Joan of Arc Catholic Secondary School
  231. Juniata College
  232. Keck Graduate Institute
  233. Keene State College
  234. The Kennedy Center
  235. Kennewick School District, WA
  236. Khan Academy
  237. Kean University
  238. Knox County Public Library
  239. Koç University
  240. Krum Independent School District, TX
  241. Kwantlen Polytechnic University (Canada)
  242. Labette Community College
  243. LaGuardia Community College
  244. Lander University
  245. Lane Community College
  246. Langara College
  247. Lansing Community College
  248. La Salle Academy
  249. LDS Business College
  250. Lehman College, City University of New York
  251. Le Moyne College
  252. Lesley University
  253. Lewis University
  254. Limestone University
  255. Lincoln University
  256. Linfield College
  257. Linn-Benton Community College
  258. London Metropolitan University
  259. Lone Star College, University Park
  260. Los Angeles County Museum of Art (LACMA)
  261. Los Angeles Harbor College
  262. Los Angeles Valley College
  263. Louisiana State University
  264. Loyalist College
  265. Loyola University Chicago
  266. Macaulay Honors College
  267. Maine Department of Education
  268. Manhattan College
  269. Manor College
  270. Marist College
  271. Marquette University
  272. Mary Baldwin University
  273. Maryland Institute College of Art
  274. Massachusetts Art Education Association
  275. Massachusetts College of Liberal Arts
  276. Massachusetts Institute of Technology
  277. Massasoit Community College
  278. McNay Art Museum, TX
  279. Medicine Hat College
  280. Menlo College
  281. Mentone Girls’ Grammar School, Australia
  282. Merrimack College
  283. Merritt College
  284. Mesa Community College
  285. The Metropolitan Museum of Art
  286. Miami Dade College
  287. Miami University
  288. Middlesex Community College
  289. Midlands Technical College
  290. Millersville University of Pennsylvania
  291. Milwaukee Area Technical College
  292. Minnesota North College
  293. Minnesota State University, Mankato
  294. Minnesota State University, Morehead
  295. Mississippi Department of Education
  296. Mississippi State University
  297. Missouri University of Science and Technology
  298. Monash University
  299. Monmouth University
  300. Montana State University
  301. Montgomery County Community College
  302. Moorpark California City Government
  303. Moreno Valley College
  304. Mount Saint Mary’s University
  305. Mt. San Antonio College
  306. Murray State University
  307. Museum Computer Network
  308. Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
  309. Mustang Public Schools, Oklahoma
  310. Nanjing International School
  311. Nanyang Technical University, Singapore
  312. Napa Valley College
  313. Nassau Community College
  314. National Museum of Asian Art, Smithsonian Institution
  315. National University
  316. Newcastle University, UK
  317. New School for Social Research
  318. New York City College of Technology
  319. New York Institute of Technology
  320. Norquest College
  321. North Carolina Museum of Art
  322. North Cross School, Virginia
  323. North Dakota State Library
  324. Northeast Community College
  325. Northeastern Illinois University
  326. Northern Illinois University
  327. Northern Virginia Community College
  328. North Lake College
  329. North Shore Community College
  330. Northwest Arkansas Community College
  331. Northwest Nazarene University
  332. Northwestern Michigan College
  333. Northwestern University
  334. Norwalk Public Library
  335. Nova Scotia College of Art and Design
  336. Occidental College
  337. OER Commons
  338. Ohio State University
  339. Ohio University
  340. Ohio Wesleyan University
  341. Oak Creek Public Library, Wisconsin
  342. Oakton Community College
  343. Okanagan College
  344. Oklahoma State University
  345. Ontario Art Education Association
  346. Oregon State University
  347. Orient Institut Beirut
  348. Oswego State University of New York
  349. Otis College of Art and Design
  350. Oxford University Press
  351. Pasadena City College
  352. Pelham School District
  353. Pembroke Public Library
  354. Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts
  355. Pennsylvania College of Art & Design
  356. Pennsylvania State University
  357. Pepperdine University
  358. Perdue University Fort Wayne
  359. Piedmont Virginia Community College
  360. Pikes Peak Library District
  361. Pima Community College
  362. Pitt Community College
  363. Pittsford School District
  364. Pitzer College
  365. Point Loma Nazarene University
  366. Pomona College
  367. Portland Community College
  368. Pratt Institute
  369. Princeton University
  370. Queensborough Community College, CUNY
  371. Randolph College
  372. Raritan Valley Community College
  373. Renaissance Society of America
  374. Rhode Island College
  375. Rhodes College
  376. Richmond Community College
  377. Rio Hondo College
  378. Riverside County Office of Education, CA
  379. Rollins College
  380. Roosevelt University
  381. Rowan-Cabarrus Community College
  382. Rutgers University
  383. Ryerson University
  384. Sacramento City College
  385. Saginaw Valley State University
  386. Saint Albans Secondary College
  387. Santa Rosa Junior College
  388. Saint Clair County Community College
  389. Saint Francis College
  390. Saint Georges International School
  391. Saint Johns County School District
  392. Saint John’s University
  393. Saint Joseph’s University
  394. Saint Leo University
  395. Saint Mary’s College of California
  396. Salve Regina University
  397. Sam Houston State University
  398. San Antonio College
  399. San Bernardino Valley College
  400. San Diego City College
  401. San Jacinto College
  402. San Jose State University
  403. San Rafael City Schools
  404. Santa Rosa Junior College
  405. Santa Fe College
  406. Savannah College of Art and Design
  407. School of the Art Institute of Chicago
  408. Scripts College
  409. Seattle Central College
  410. Seminole State University
  411. Simmons University
  412. Skagit Valley College
  413. Skyline College
  414. Smithsonian American Art Museum
  415. Smithsonian Center for Learning and Digital Access
  416. Smithsonian Libraries
  417. Snohomish School District
  418. Snow College
  419. Society for the Arts in Religious and Theological Studies
  420. Society of Architectural Historians
  421. Sonoma State University
  422. South West Institute of TAFE, Australia
  423. Southeast Delco School District
  424. Southeast Service Cooperative, MN
  425. Southern Adventist University
  426. Southern California Institute of Architecture
  427. Southern Connecticut State University
  428. Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville
  429. Southern New Hampshire University
  430. Southern University and A&M College
  431. South Texas College
  432. Southwest Minnesota State University
  433. Spartanburg Community College
  434. Spartanburg Methodist College
  435. Spelman College
  436. Spokane Community College
  437. Spokane Falls Community College
  438. Spring Arbor University
  439. Springfield Technical Community College
  440. Stanford University
  441. Stephens College
  442. Stonybrook University, SUNY
  443. Sullivan University
  444. SUNY Broome
  445. SUNY Cobleskill
  446. SUNY Freedonia
  447. SUNY Geneseo
  448. SUNY New Paltz
  449. SUNY Oswego
  450. SUNY Potsdam
  451. SUNY Purchase
  452. SUNY Ulster
  453. Stephens College
  454. Syracuse University
  455. Tacoma Community College
  456. Teachers College, Columbia University
  457. Tennessee Arts Commission
  458. Terra Foundation for American Art
  459. Texas A&M International University
  460. Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board
  461. Texas State University
  462. Thomas Nelson Community College
  463. Tidewater Community College
  464. TMI Episcopal
  465. Toledo Museum of Art
  466. Touro College
  467. Tri-County Technical College
  468. Trident Technical College
  469. Trinity Christian College
  470. Tufts University
  471. Tulane University
  472. Tulsa Community College
  473. John Tyler Community College
  474. UNESCO
  475. Union County College
  476. United World College, Changshu China
  477. United States Chamber of Commerce Foundation
  478. Universidad Panamericana, Mexico
  479. University College Cork, Ireland
  480. University College of London
  481. University for the Creative Arts
  482. University of Akron
  483. University of Alabama
  484. University of Alabama at Birmingham
  485. University of Alaska
  486. University of Alaska, Fairbanks
  487. University of Albany
  488. University of Alberta
  489. University of Arkansas
  490. University of British Columbia
  491. University at Buffalo
  492. University of California, Berkeley
  493. University of California, Irvine
  494. University of California, Los Angeles
  495. University of California, San Diego
  496. University of Cambridge
  497. University of Central Florida
  498. University of Chicago
  499. University of Cincinnati
  500. University of Colorado, Boulder
  501. University for the Creative Arts
  502. University of Fine Arts, Münster
  503. University of Fraser Valley, Canada
  504. University of Hong Kong
  505. University of Houston-Downtown
  506. University of Illinois, Urbana
  507. University of Kansas
  508. University of Kentucky
  509. University of Lethbridge, Canada
  510. University of Louisville
  511. University of Maine
  512. University of Manitoba
  513. University of Maryland
  514. University of Massachusetts, Amherst
  515. University of Massachusetts, Dartmouth
  516. University of Massachusetts, Lowell
  517. University of Miami
  518. University of Michigan
  519. University of Michigan, Dearborn
  520. University of Minnesota
  521. University of Missouri
  522. University of Nebraska, Omaha
  523. University of Nevada, Reno
  524. University of New Hampshire
  525. University of New South Wales, Australia
  526. University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
  527. University of North Carolina, Charlotte
  528. University of North Carolina, Greensboro
  529. University of North Carolina, Wilmington
  530. University of North Texas
  531. University of Ottawa (Canada)
  532. University of Oxford
  533. University of Pennsylvania
  534. University of the People
  535. University of Pittsburgh
  536. University of Saint Francis
  537. University of South Africa
  538. University of South Australia
  539. University of South Carolina, Aiken
  540. University of South Carolina, Upstate
  541. University of South Dakota
  542. University of South Florida
  543. University of Sydney
  544. University of Texas, Arlington
  545. University of Texas, Austin
  546. University of Texas, San Antonio
  547. University of Texas Permian Basin
  548. University of Texas, Tyler
  549. University of Toronto
  550. University of Utah
  551. University of Virginia
  552. University of Warwick, UK
  553. University of Washington, Bothell
  554. University of the West
  555. University of West Florida
  556. University of West Georgia
  557. University of Wisconsin, Madison
  558. University of the Witwatersrand
  559. Upper Canada Virtual Library
  560. Ursinus College
  561. Utah Art Education Association
  562. Valor Christian High School
  563. Valencia College
  564. Valley City State University
  565. Vanderbilt University
  566. Victoria (Australia) Department of Education
  567. Villanova University
  568. Virginia Commonwealth University
  569. Virginia Wesleyan University
  570. Wabash College
  571. Wallkill Central School District
  572. The Warburg Institute, School for Advanced Study, University of London
  573. Washington University in Saint Louis
  574. Washtenaw Community College
  575. Waubonsee Community College
  576. West Texas A&M University
  577. West Tisbury Library
  578. West Virginia University
  579. Wellesley College
  580. Wellesley Middle School
  581. Wesleyan University
  582. Westchester Community College
  583. West Chester University
  584. Western Michigan University
  585. Western Nevada College
  586. Westminster College
  587. West Texas A&M University
  588. West Virginia University
  589. Whatcom Community College
  590. White House Historical Association
  591. Whitman College
  592. Wichita State University
  593. Willamette University
  594. William Patterson University
  595. Williams College
  596. Winston-Salem State University
  597. Winthrop University
  598. Wisconsin Department of Public Instruction
  599. Woodland School District 50, IL
  600. Worcester Art Museum
  601. Wor-Wic Community College
  602. Wuhan University, China
  603. Yale University
  604. York College of Pennsylvania
Cite this page as: Smarthistory, "Is Smarthistory reliable?," in Smarthistory, January 22, 2021, accessed December 8, 2022, https://smarthistory.org/cite-smarthistory/.