Is Smarthistory reliable?


Yes. Smarthistory offers art history content provided by more than five hundred leading scholars (art historians, archaeologists, and museum curators). Almost all contributors hold an earned Ph.D. All Smarthistory content has undergone an open peer-review process where it is vetted by multiple scholars including those with applicable area expertise. Every essay on Smarthistory lists the author and links to their academic credentials.

And more than 500 universities, K12 districts, museums, libraries, and other learning institutions recommend and link to Smarthistory.

  1. Académie de Versailles
  2. Academy of the Arts University
  3. Akron-Summit County Public Library
  4. Albany Museum of Art
  5. Albright College
  6. Alfred University
  7. Association of College and Research Libraries
  8. American University
  9. American University of Beirut
  10. American University in Dubai
  11. American University in Paris
  12. ANISA Per l’educazione all’arte (National Association of Art History Teachers, Italy)
  13. Aristoi Classical Academy
  14. Arizona State University
  15. Arkansas Arts Center
  16. Art Educators of New Jersey
  17. Art History in Schools (UK)
  18. Art Institute of Chicago
  19. Association of College and Research Libraries
  20. Association of Historians of American Art
  21. Association for Library Service to Children, American Library Association
  22. Assumption College
  23. Athena Art Foundation (UK)
  24. Athens Technical College
  25. Atlanta University Center
  26. Austin Community College
  27. Australian National University
  28. Avila University
  29. Bard College
  30. Barnard College, Columbia University
  31. Baruch College, City University of New York
  32. Bay College
  33. Bellevue College
  34. Bennington College
  35. Bethel University
  36. Binghamton University
  37. Birmingham Public Library
  38. Borough of Manhattan Community College
  39. Bossier Parish Community College
  40. Boston College
  41. Boston University
  42. Bowdoin College
  43. Brescia University
  44. Bridgewater State University
  45. Brigham Young University
  46. Brisbane Boys’ College, Australia
  47. Bristol Community College
  48. Bronx Community College
  49. Brooklyn College
  50. Brooklyn Museum
  51. Brooklyn Public Library
  52. Brown University
  53. Bucknell University
  54. California College of the Arts
  55. California Community Colleges
  56. California Department of Education
  57. California Polytechnic State University
  58. California State Polytechnic University, Pomona
  59. California State University, Dominguez Hills
  60. California State University, Fresno
  61. California State University, Office of the Chancellor
  62. California State University, Northridge
  63. California State University, San Bernardino
  64. California University of Pennsylvania
  65. Camden County College
  66. Carleton University
  67. Carnegie Mellon University
  68. Carroll County Public Library
  69. Castleton University
  70. Generalitat de Catalunya Department d’Educació (Dept of Education, Catalonia, Spain)
  71. Central Arizona College
  72. Central Maine Community College
  73. Central Michigan University
  74. Chaffey College
  75. Christian Brothers University
  76. Cincinnati Museum Center
  77. Cistercian Preparatory School
  78. The Citadel
  79. Citrus College
  80. City Colleges of Chicago
  81. City College of New York, CUNY
  82. The Claremont Colleges
  83. The Classical Association
  84. Clemente Veterans Initiative
  85. CODART
  86. Cohoes City School District (Seeing America)
  87. Colegio Nueva Granada, Columbia
  88. College of Alameda
  89. College Art Association
  90. The College Board
  91. College for Creative Studies
  92. College of the Canyons
  93. College of Charleston
  94. College of the Mainland
  95. College of New Paltz
  96. College of the Ozarks
  97. College of Saint Rose
  98. College of St. Scholastica
  99. College of Southern Idaho
  100. College of Western Idaho
  101. Columbia Borough School District
  102. Columbia College, Sonora, CA
  103. Columbia College, Chicago
  104. Columbia College, Vancouver
  105. Columbia University
  106. Columbus State Community College
  107. Community College of Allegheny County
  108. Concordia University (Canada)
  109. Concordia University, Oregon
  110. Concordia University, Texas
  111. Concordia University Wisconsin
  112. The Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science and Art
  113. Cornell University
  114. Cornwall Central School District
  115. Cossatot Community College of the University of Arkansas
  116. Crystal Bridges Museum of Art
  117. Cuesta College
  118. Cuyahoga Community College
  119. Dakota College at Bottineau
  120. Dallas College
  121. Davidson Institute
  122. Daytona State College
  123. Delta College
  124. Dennis-Yarmouth Regional School District, MA
  125. DePaul University
  126. Dickinson College
  127. Dixie State University
  128. Dominican University
  129. Drew University
  130. Drexel University
  131. Duke University
  132. Durham College
  133. Eagle Pass Public Library
  134. Eastern Florida State College
  135. Eastern Michigan State University
  136. East Tennessee State University
  137. eCampus Ontario (Canada)
  138. Edgewood College
  139. El Dorado High School
  140. Elizabeth City State University
  141. Emily Carr University (Canada)
  142. Emmanuel College
  143. Emory University
  144. ESC Region 13 (Austin school district)
  145. European Open edu
  146. Evangel University
  147. Evergreen Valley College
  148. Everhart Museum
  149. Fairfield University
  150. Fashion Institute of Technology, SUNY
  151. Felician University
  152. Florida A&M University
  153. Florida Atlantic University
  154. Florida Gulf Coast University
  155. Florida International University
  156. Florida State College at Jacksonville
  157. Florida State University
  158. Fontbonne University
  159. Fort Valley State University
  160. Fox Valley Technical College
  161. Fredrick County Government, Maryland
  162. Frick Art Reference Library
  163. Frostberg State University
  164. Furman University
  165. Gallerie Accademia, Venice
  166. Geneseo, SUNY
  167. Georgia State University
  168. Georgetown University
  169. George Washington University
  170. Gettysburg College
  171. Glacier Peak High School
  172. Glendale Community College
  173. Google Arts & Culture
  174. Gompers Preparatory Academy
  175. Government of Malta
  176. Grand Valley State University
  177. Greene County Schools (public) TN
  178. Greenville Technical College
  179. Grossmont College
  180. Harold Washington College
  181. Hamilton School District
  182. Harvard Art Museums
  183. Harvard University
  184. Hautlieu School, UK
  185. Henry Ford College
  186. Hibbing Community College
  187. Highline College
  188. Hillsborough Community College
  189. Hills Road Sixth Form College, Cambridge
  190. HACC, Central Pennsylvania’s Community College
  191. Hofstra University
  192. Hong Kong Polytechnic University
  193. Hong Kong Society for Education in Art
  194. Hope College
  195. Hostos Community College, City University of New York
  196. Houston Community College
  197. Howard College
  198. Howard County Public School System
  199. Hudson County Community College
  200. Humboldt State University
  201. Hunter College
  202. Indiana University, Bloomington
  203. Institute of Classical Studies, School of Advanced Study, University of London
  204. Institute of Fine Arts, New York University
  205. International Center of Medieval Art
  206. International School, Göteborg, Sweden
  207. Iowa State University
  208. Istanbul Ayvansaray University
  209. Italian ministry of culture and tourism
  210. Ivy Tech Community College
  211. James Madison University
  212. John Jay College of Criminal Justice
  213. Johnson & Wales University
  214. Juniata College
  215. Keene State College
  216. The Kennedy Center
  217. Kennewick School District, WA
  218. Khan Academy
  219. Kean University
  220. Knox County Public Library
  221. Koç University
  222. Krum Independent School District, TX
  223. Kwantlen Polytechnic University (Canada)
  224. Labette Community College
  225. LaGuardia Community College
  226. Lander University
  227. Lane Community College
  228. Langara College
  229. Lansing Community College
  230. La Salle Academy
  231. LDS Business College
  232. Lehman College, City University of New York
  233. Le Moyne College
  234. Lesley University
  235. Lewis University
  236. Limestone University
  237. Lincoln University
  238. Linfield College
  239. Linn-Benton Community College
  240. London Metropolitan University
  241. Lone Star College, University Park
  242. Los Angeles County Museum of Art (LACMA)
  243. Los Angeles Harbor College
  244. Los Angeles Valley College
  245. Louisiana State University
  246. Loyalist College
  247. Loyola University Chicago
  248. Macaulay Honors College
  249. Maine Department of Education
  250. Manhattan College
  251. Manor College
  252. Marist College
  253. Marquette University
  254. Mary Baldwin University
  255. Maryland Institute College of Art
  256. Massachusetts Art Education Association
  257. Massachusetts College of Liberal Arts
  258. Massachusetts Institute of Technology
  259. Massasoit Community College
  260. McNay Art Museum, TX
  261. Medicine Hat College
  262. Menlo College
  263. Mentone Girls’ Grammar School, Australia
  264. Merrimack College
  265. Merritt College
  266. Mesa Community College
  267. The Metropolitan Museum of Art
  268. Miami Dade College
  269. Miami University
  270. Middlesex Community College
  271. Midlands Technical College
  272. Millersville University of Pennsylvania
  273. Minnesota North College
  274. Minnesota State University, Mankato
  275. Minnesota State University, Morehead
  276. Mississippi Department of Education
  277. Mississippi State University
  278. Missouri University of Science and Technology
  279. Monash University
  280. Monmouth University
  281. Montana State University
  282. Montgomery County Community College
  283. Moorpark California City Government
  284. Moreno Valley College
  285. Mount Saint Mary’s University
  286. Mt. San Antonio College
  287. Murray State University
  288. Museum Computer Network
  289. Mustang Public Schools, Oklahoma
  290. Nanjing International School
  291. Nanyang Technical University, Singapore
  292. Napa Valley College
  293. Nassau Community College
  294. National Museum of Asian Art, Smithsonian Institution
  295. National University
  296. Newcastle University, UK
  297. New School for Social Research
  298. New York City College of Technology
  299. Norquest College
  300. North Carolina Museum of Art
  301. North Cross School, Virginia
  302. North Dakota State Library
  303. Northeast Community College
  304. Northeastern Illinois University
  305. Northern Illinois University
  306. Northern Virginia Community College
  307. North Lake College
  308. North Shore Community College
  309. Northwest Arkansas Community College
  310. Northwest Nazarene University
  311. Northwestern Michigan College
  312. Northwestern University
  313. Norwalk Public Library
  314. Nova Scotia College of Art and Design
  315. Occidental College
  316. OER Commons
  317. Ohio State University
  318. Ohio University
  319. Ohio Wesleyan University
  320. Oak Creek Public Library, Wisconsin
  321. Oakton Community College
  322. Okanagan College
  323. Ontario Art Education Association
  324. Oregon State University
  325. Orient Institut Beirut
  326. Oswego State University of New York
  327. Otis College of Art and Design
  328. Oxford University Press
  329. Pasadena City College
  330. Pelham School District
  331. Pembroke Public Library
  332. Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts
  333. Pennsylvania College of Art & Design
  334. Pennsylvania State University
  335. Pepperdine University
  336. Perdue University Fort Wayne
  337. Piedmont Virginia Community College
  338. Pikes Peak Library District
  339. Pima Community College
  340. Pitt Community College
  341. Pittsford School District
  342. Point Loma Nazarene University
  343. Portland Community College
  344. Pratt Institute
  345. Princeton University
  346. Queensborough Community College, CUNY
  347. Randolph College
  348. Raritan Valley Community College
  349. Renaissance Society of America
  350. Rhode Island College
  351. Rhodes College
  352. Richmond Community College
  353. Rio Hondo College
  354. Riverside County Office of Education, CA
  355. Rollins College
  356. Roosevelt University
  357. Rutgers University
  358. Ryerson University
  359. Sacramento City College
  360. Saginaw Valley State University
  361. Saint Albans Secondary College
  362. Santa Rosa Junior College
  363. Saint Clair County Community College
  364. Saint Francis College
  365. Saint Georges International School
  366. Saint Johns County School District
  367. Saint John’s University
  368. Saint Joseph’s University
  369. Saint Leo University
  370. Saint Mary’s College of California
  371. Salve Regina University
  372. Sam Houston State University
  373. San Antonio College
  374. San Bernardino Valley College
  375. San Diego City College
  376. San Jacinto College
  377. San Jose State University
  378. San Rafael City Schools
  379. Santa Rosa Junior College
  380. Santa Fe College
  381. Savannah College of Art and Design
  382. School of the Art Institute of Chicago
  383. Seattle Central College
  384. Seminole State University
  385. Simmons University
  386. Skagit Valley College
  387. Skyline College
  388. Smithsonian American Art Museum
  389. Smithsonian Center for Learning and Digital Access
  390. Snohomish School District
  391. Snow College
  392. Society for the Arts in Religious and Theological Studies
  393. Society of Architectural Historians
  394. Sonoma State University
  395. Southeast Delco School District
  396. Southeast Service Cooperative, MN
  397. Southern Adventist University
  398. Southern California Institute of Architecture
  399. Southern Connecticut State University
  400. Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville
  401. Southern New Hampshire University
  402. Southern University and A&M College
  403. South Texas College
  404. Southwest Minnesota State University
  405. Spartanburg Community College
  406. Spartanburg Methodist College
  407. Spelman College
  408. Spokane Community College
  409. Spokane Falls Community College
  410. Spring Arbor University
  411. Springfield Technical Community College
  412. Stanford University
  413. Stephens College
  414. Sullivan University
  415. SUNY Broome
  416. SUNY Cobleskill
  417. SUNY Freedonia
  418. SUNY Geneseo
  419. SUNY New Paltz
  420. SUNY Oswego
  421. SUNY Potsdam
  422. SUNY Purchase
  423. SUNY Ulster
  424. Stephens College
  425. Syracuse University
  426. Tacoma Community College
  427. Teachers College, Columbia University
  428. Tennessee Arts Commission
  429. Terra Foundation for American Art
  430. Texas A&M International University
  431. Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board
  432. Texas State University
  433. Thomas Nelson Community College
  434. Tidewater Community College
  435. TMI Episcopal
  436. Toledo Museum of Art
  437. Touro College
  438. Tri-County Technical College
  439. Trident Technical College
  440. Trinity Christian College
  441. Tufts University
  442. Tulane University
  443. Tulsa Community College
  444. John Tyler Community College
  445. UNESCO
  446. Union County College
  447. United States Chamber of Commerce Foundation
  448. Universidad Panamericana, Mexico
  449. University College Cork, Ireland
  450. University College of London
  451. University for the Creative Arts
  452. University of Akron
  453. University of Alabama
  454. University of Alabama at Birmingham
  455. University of Alaska
  456. University of Alaska, Fairbanks
  457. University of Albany
  458. University of Arkansas
  459. University of British Columbia
  460. University at Buffalo
  461. University of California, Berkeley
  462. University of California, Irvine
  463. University of California, Los Angeles
  464. University of California, San Diego
  465. University of Cambridge
  466. University of Central Florida
  467. University of Chicago
  468. University of Cincinnati
  469. University of Colorado, Boulder
  470. University for the Creative Arts
  471. University of Fine Arts, Münster
  472. University of Fraser Valley, Canada
  473. University of Hong Kong
  474. University of Houston-Downtown
  475. University of Illinois, Urbana
  476. University of Kansas
  477. University of Kentucky
  478. University of Lethbridge, Canada
  479. University of Louisville
  480. University of Maine
  481. University of Manitoba
  482. University of Maryland
  483. University of Massachusetts, Amherst
  484. University of Massachusetts, Dartmouth
  485. University of Miami
  486. University of Michigan
  487. University of Minnesota
  488. University of Missouri
  489. University of Nebraska, Omaha
  490. University of Nevada, Reno
  491. University of New Hampshire
  492. University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
  493. University of North Carolina, Charlotte
  494. University of North Carolina, Greensboro
  495. University of North Carolina, Wilmington
  496. University of North Texas
  497. University of Ottawa (Canada)
  498. University of Oxford
  499. University of Pennsylvania
  500. University of the People
  501. University of Saint Francis
  502. University of South Africa
  503. University of South Australia
  504. University of South Carolina, Aiken
  505. University of South Carolina, Upstate
  506. University of South Dakota
  507. University of South Florida
  508. University of Sydney
  509. University of Texas, Arlington
  510. University of Texas, Austin
  511. University of Texas, San Antonio
  512. University of Texas Permian Basin
  513. University of Texas, Tyler
  514. University of Toronto
  515. University of Utah
  516. University of Virginia
  517. University of Washington, Bothell
  518. University of the West
  519. University of West Florida
  520. University of West Georgia
  521. University of Wisconsin, Madison
  522. University of the Witwatersrand
  523. Upper Canada Virtual Library
  524. Ursinus College
  525. Utah Art Education Association
  526. Valor Christian High School
  527. Valencia College
  528. Valley City State University
  529. Vanderbilt University
  530. Victoria (Australia) Department of Education
  531. Villanova University
  532. Virginia Commonwealth University
  533. Virginia Wesleyan University
  534. Wabash College
  535. The Warburg Institute, School for Advanced Study, University of London
  536. Washington University in Saint Louis
  537. Washtenaw Community College
  538. Waubonsee Community College
  539. West Texas A&M University
  540. West Tisbury Library
  541. West Virginia University
  542. Wellesley College
  543. Wellesley Middle School
  544. Wesleyan University
  545. Westchester Community College
  546. West Chester University
  547. Western Nevada College
  548. Westminster College
  549. West Texas A&M University
  550. West Virginia University
  551. Whatcom Community College
  552. White House Historical Association
  553. Whitman College
  554. Wichita State University
  555. Willamette University
  556. William Patterson University
  557. Williams College
  558. Winston-Salem State University
  559. Winthrop University
  560. Wisconsin Department of Public Instruction
  561. Woodland School District 50, IL
  562. Worcester Art Museum
  563. Wor-Wic Community College
  564. Wuhan University, China
  565. Yale University
  566. York College of Pennsylvania
Cite this page as: Smarthistory, "Is Smarthistory reliable?," in Smarthistory, January 22, 2021, accessed August 8, 2022, https://smarthistory.org/cite-smarthistory/.