Is Smarthistory reliable?

Yes. Smarthistory offers art history content provided by more than 800 leading scholars (art historians, archaeologists, and museum curators). Almost all contributors hold an earned Ph.D. All Smarthistory content has undergone an open peer-review process where it is vetted by multiple scholars including those with applicable area expertise. Every essay on Smarthistory lists the author and links to their academic credentials.

And more than 600 universities, K12 districts, museums, libraries, and other learning institutions recommend and link to Smarthistory.

  1. Académie de Versailles
  2. Academic Senate for California Community Colleges
  3. Academy of the Arts University
  4. Akron-Summit County Public Library
  5. Albany College
  6. Albany Museum of Art
  7. Alberta University of the Arts
  8. Albright College
  9. Alfred University
  10. American Library Association
  11. American University
  12. American University of Beirut
  13. American University in Dubai
  14. American University in Paris
  15. ANISA Per l’educazione all’arte (National Association of Art History Teachers, Italy)
  16. Anne Arundel Community College
  17. Aristoi Classical Academy
  18. Arizona State University
  19. Arkansas Museum of Fine Arts
  20. Art Educators of New Jersey
  21. Art Explora Foundation, Paris
  22. Art History in Schools (UK)
  23. Art Institute of Chicago
  24. Arts Council of African Studies Association
  25. Association for Asian Studies
  26. Association of College and Research Libraries
  27. Association of Historians of American Art
  28. Association for Library Service to Children, American Library Association
  29. Assumption College
  30. Athena Art Foundation (UK)
  31. Athens Technical College
  32. Atlanta University Center
  33. Austin Community College
  34. Australian National University
  35. Avila University
  36. Bard College
  37. Barnard College, Columbia University
  38. Baruch College, City University of New York
  39. Bay College
  40. Bellevue College
  41. Bennington College
  42. Bethel University
  43. Binghamton University
  44. Birmingham Public Library
  45. Borough of Manhattan Community College
  46. Bossier Parish Community College
  47. Boston College
  48. Boston University
  49. Bowdoin College
  50. Brescia University
  51. Bridgewater State University
  52. Brigham Young University
  53. Brisbane Boys’ College, Australia
  54. Bristol Community College
  55. Bronx Community College
  56. Brooklyn College
  57. Brooklyn Museum
  58. Brooklyn Public Library
  59. Brown University
  60. Bucknell University
  61. Butler Community College
  62. California College of the Arts
  63. California Community Colleges
  64. California Department of Education
  65. California Polytechnic State University
  66. California State Polytechnic University, Pomona
  67. California State University, Dominguez Hills
  68. California State University, Fresno
  69. California State University, Fullerton
  70. California State University, Office of the Chancellor
  71. California State University, Northridge
  72. California State University, San Bernardino
  73. California University of Pennsylvania
  74. Camden County College
  75. Carlteton College
  76. Carleton University
  77. Carnegie Mellon University
  78. Carroll County Public Library
  79. Castleton University
  80. Catholic University of Zimbabwe
  81. Cedarville University
  82. Central Arizona College
  83. Central Maine Community College
  84. Central Michigan University
  85. Chaffey College
  86. Charles Sturt University, Australia
  87. Chiesa del Santissimo Nome di Gesù all’Argentina, Rome
  88. Christian Brothers University
  89. Cincinnati Museum Center
  90. Cistercian Preparatory School
  91. The Citadel
  92. Citrus College
  93. City Colleges of Chicago
  94. City College of New York, CUNY
  95. Claremont McKenna College
  96. The Classical Association
  97. Clemente Veterans Initiative
  98. CODART
  99. Cohoes City School District (Seeing America)
  100. Colegio Nueva Granada, Columbia
  101. Colegio de San Juan de Letran, Bataan
  102. College of Alameda
  103. College Art Association
  104. The College Board
  105. College for Creative Studies
  106. College of the Canyons
  107. College of Charleston
  108. College of the Holy Cross
  109. College of Lake County
  110. College of the Mainland
  111. College of New Paltz
  112. College of the Ozarks
  113. College of Saint Rose
  114. College of St. Scholastica
  115. College of Southern Idaho
  116. College of Western Idaho
  117. Columbia Borough School District
  118. Columbia College, Sonora, CA
  119. Columbia College, Chicago
  120. Columbia College, Vancouver
  121. Columbia University
  122. Columbus State Community College
  123. Community College of Allegheny County
  124. Community College of Baltimore County
  125. Concordia University (Canada)
  126. Concordia University, Oregon
  127. Concordia University, Saint Paul
  128. Concordia University, Texas
  129. Concordia University Wisconsin
  130. The Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science and Art
  131. Cornell University
  132. Cornwall Central School District
  133. Cossatot Community College of the University of Arkansas
  134. Crystal Bridges Museum of Art
  135. Cuesta College
  136. Cuyahoga Community College
  137. Dakota College at Bottineau
  138. Dallas College
  139. Davidson Institute
  140. Daytona State College
  141. Delta College
  142. Dennis-Yarmouth Regional School District, MA
  143. DePaul University
  144. Dickinson College
  145. Dixie State University
  146. Dominican University
  147. Drew University
  148. Drexel University
  149. Duke University
  150. Durham College
  151. Eagle Pass Public Library
  152. Eastern Florida State College
  153. Eastern Michigan State University
  154. East Tennessee State University
  155. eCampus Ontario (Canada)
  156. Edgewood College
  157. El Camino College
  158. El Dorado High School
  159. Elizabeth City State University
  160. Emily Carr University (Canada)
  161. Emmanuel College
  162. Emory University
  163. Equal Justice Initiative
  164. ESC Region 13 (Austin school district)
  165. European Open edu
  166. Evangel University
  167. Evergreen Valley College
  168. Everhart Museum
  169. Fairfield University
  170. Fashion Institute of Technology, SUNY
  171. Felician University
  172. Florida A&M University
  173. Florida Atlantic University
  174. Florida Gulf Coast University
  175. Florida International University
  176. Florida State College at Jacksonville
  177. Florida State University
  178. Fontbonne University
  179. Fort Valley State University
  180. Fox Valley Technical College
  181. Fredrick County Government, Maryland
  182. Frick Art Reference Library
  183. Frostberg State University
  184. Furman University
  185. Gallerie Accademia, Venice
  186. Generalitat de Catalunya Department d’Educació (Dept of Education, Catalonia, Spain)
  187. Geneseo, SUNY
  188. Georgia State University
  189. Georgetown University
  190. George Washington University
  191. Getty Museum
  192. Gettysburg College
  193. Glacier Peak High School
  194. Glendale Community College
  195. Google Arts & Culture
  196. Gompers Preparatory Academy
  197. Government of Malta
  198. Grand Valley State University
  199. Greene County Schools (public) TN
  200. Greenville Technical College
  201. Grossmont College
  202. Harold Washington College
  203. Hamilton College
  204. Hamilton School District
  205. Harvard Art Museums
  206. Harvard University
  207. Harvey Mudd College
  208. Hautlieu School, UK
  209. Henry Ford College
  210. Hibbing Community College
  211. Highline College
  212. Hillsborough Community College
  213. Hills Road Sixth Form College, Cambridge
  214. HACC, Central Pennsylvania’s Community College
  215. Hofstra University
  216. Hong Kong Polytechnic University
  217. Hong Kong Society for Education in Art
  218. Hope College
  219. Hostos Community College, City University of New York
  220. Houston Community College
  221. Howard College
  222. Howard County Public School System
  223. Hudson County Community College
  224. Humboldt State University
  225. Hunter College
  226. Indiana University, Bloomington
  227. Institute of Classical Studies, School of Advanced Study, University of London
  228. Institute of Fine Arts, New York University
  229. International Alliance for the Protection of Heritage in Conflict Areas
  230. International Center of Medieval Art
  231. International School, Göteborg, Sweden
  232. Iowa State University
  233. Istanbul Ayvansaray University
  234. Italian ministry of culture and tourism
  235. Ivy Tech Community College
  236. James Madison University
  237. John Jay College of Criminal Justice
  238. Johnson & Wales University
  239. Joan of Arc Catholic Secondary School
  240. Juniata College
  241. Keck Graduate Institute
  242. Keene State College
  243. The Kennedy Center
  244. Kennewick School District, WA
  245. Kenya Ministry of Education (TVETA)
  246. Khan Academy
  247. Kean University
  248. Knox County Public Library
  249. Koç University
  250. Krum Independent School District, TX
  251. Kwantlen Polytechnic University (Canada)
  252. Labette Community College
  253. LaGuardia Community College
  254. Lander University
  255. Lane Community College
  256. Langara College
  257. Lansing Community College
  258. La Salle Academy
  259. LDS Business College
  260. Lehman College, City University of New York
  261. Le Moyne College
  262. Lesley University
  263. Lewis University
  264. Limestone University
  265. Lincoln University
  266. Linfield College
  267. Linn-Benton Community College
  268. London Metropolitan University
  269. Lone Star College, University Park
  270. Los Angeles County Museum of Art (LACMA)
  271. Los Angeles Harbor College
  272. Los Angeles Valley College
  273. Louisiana State University
  274. Loyalist College
  275. Loyola University Chicago
  276. Macaulay Honors College
  277. Maine Department of Education
  278. Manhattan College
  279. Manor College
  280. Marist College
  281. Marquette University
  282. Mary Baldwin University
  283. Mary Jaharis Center for Byzantine Art & Culture at Hellenic College Holy Cross
  284. Maryland Institute College of Art
  285. Massachusetts Art Education Association
  286. Massachusetts College of Liberal Arts
  287. Massachusetts Institute of Technology
  288. Massasoit Community College
  289. McNay Art Museum, TX
  290. Medicine Hat College
  291. Menlo College
  292. Mentone Girls’ Grammar School, Australia
  293. Merrimack College
  294. Merritt College
  295. Mesa Community College
  296. The Metropolitan Museum of Art
  297. Miami Dade College
  298. Miami University
  299. Middlesex Community College
  300. Midlands Technical College
  301. Millersville University of Pennsylvania
  302. Milwaukee Area Technical College
  303. Minnesota North College
  304. Minnesota State University, Mankato
  305. Minnesota State University, Morehead
  306. Mississippi Department of Education
  307. Mississippi State University
  308. Missouri University of Science and Technology
  309. Molloy University
  310. Monash University
  311. Monmouth University
  312. Montana State University
  313. Montgomery County Community College
  314. Moorpark California City Government
  315. Moreno Valley College
  316. Mount Saint Mary’s University
  317. Mt. San Antonio College
  318. Murray State University
  319. Museum Computer Network
  320. Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
  321. Mustang Public Schools, Oklahoma
  322. Nanjing International School
  323. Nanyang Technical University, Singapore
  324. Napa Valley College
  325. Nassau Community College
  326. National College of Art and Design, Ireland
  327. National Endowment for the Humanities
  328. National Museum of Asian Art, Smithsonian Institution
  329. National University
  330. Newcastle University, UK
  331. New School for Social Research
  332. New York City College of Technology
  333. New York Institute of Technology
  334. Norquest College
  335. North Carolina Museum of Art
  336. North Cross School, Virginia
  337. North Dakota State Library
  338. Northeast Community College
  339. Northeastern Illinois University
  340. Northern Illinois University
  341. Northern Virginia Community College
  342. North Lake College
  343. North Shore Community College
  344. Northwest Arkansas Community College
  345. Northwest Nazarene University
  346. Northwestern Michigan College
  347. Northwestern University
  348. Norwalk Public Library
  349. Nova Scotia College of Art and Design
  350. Occidental College
  351. OER Commons
  352. Ohio State University
  353. Ohio University
  354. Ohio Wesleyan University
  355. Oak Creek Public Library, Wisconsin
  356. Oakton Community College
  357. Okanagan College
  358. Oklahoma State University
  359. Ontario Art Education Association
  360. Open Art Histories (Canada)
  361. Open Education Alberta
  362. Oregon State University
  363. Orient Institut Beirut
  364. Oswego State University of New York
  365. Otis College of Art and Design
  366. Oxford University Press
  367. Pasadena City College
  368. Pelham School District
  369. Pembroke Public Library
  370. Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts
  371. Pennsylvania College of Art & Design
  372. Pennsylvania State University
  373. Pepperdine University
  374. Perdue University Fort Wayne
  375. Piedmont Virginia Community College
  376. Pikes Peak Library District
  377. Pima Community College
  378. Pitt Community College
  379. Pittsford School District
  380. Pitzer College
  381. Point Loma Nazarene University
  382. Pomona College
  383. Portland Community College
  384. Pratt Institute
  385. Princeton University
  386. Queensborough Community College, CUNY
  387. Randolph College
  388. Raritan Valley Community College
  389. Renaissance Society of America
  390. Rhode Island College
  391. Rhodes College
  392. Richmond Community College
  393. Rio Hondo College
  394. Riverside County Office of Education, CA
  395. Rocky Mountain College of Art + Design
  396. Rollins College
  397. Roosevelt University
  398. Rowan-Cabarrus Community College
  399. Rutgers University
  400. Ryerson University
  401. Sacramento City College
  402. Saginaw Valley State University
  403. Saint Albans Secondary College
  404. Santa Rosa Junior College
  405. Saint Clair County Community College
  406. Saint Francis College
  407. Saint Georges International School
  408. Saint Johns County School District
  409. Saint John’s University
  410. Saint Joseph’s University
  411. Saint Leo University
  412. Saint Mary’s College of California
  413. Salt Lake Community College
  414. Salve Regina University
  415. Sam Houston State University
  416. San Antonio College
  417. San Bernardino Valley College
  418. San Diego City College
  419. San Jacinto College
  420. San Jose State University
  421. San Rafael City Schools
  422. Santa Rosa Junior College
  423. Santa Fe College
  424. Savannah College of Art and Design
  425. School of the Art Institute of Chicago
  426. Scripts College
  427. Seattle Central College
  428. Seminole State University
  429. Simmons University
  430. Skagit Valley College
  431. Skyline College
  432. Smithsonian American Art Museum
  433. Smithsonian Center for Learning and Digital Access
  434. Smithsonian Libraries
  435. Snohomish School District
  436. Snow College
  437. Society for the Arts in Religious and Theological Studies
  438. Society of Architectural Historians
  439. Sonoma State University
  440. South West Institute of TAFE, Australia
  441. Southeast Delco School District
  442. Southeast Service Cooperative, MN
  443. Southern Adventist University
  444. Southern California Institute of Architecture
  445. Southern Connecticut State University
  446. Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville
  447. Southern New Hampshire University
  448. Southern University and A&M College
  449. South Texas College
  450. Southwest Minnesota State University
  451. Spartanburg Community College
  452. Spartanburg Methodist College
  453. Spelman College
  454. Spokane Community College
  455. Spokane Falls Community College
  456. Spring Arbor University
  457. Springfield Technical Community College
  458. Stanford University
  459. Stephens College
  460. Stonybrook University, SUNY
  461. Sullivan University
  462. SUNY Broome
  463. SUNY Cobleskill
  464. SUNY Freedonia
  465. SUNY Geneseo
  466. SUNY New Paltz
  467. SUNY Oswego
  468. SUNY Potsdam
  469. SUNY Purchase
  470. SUNY Ulster
  471. Stephens College
  472. Syracuse University
  473. Tacoma Community College
  474. Teachers College, Columbia University
  475. Tennessee Arts Commission
  476. Terra Foundation for American Art
  477. Texas A&M International University
  478. Texas A&M University-Commerce
  479. Texas A&M University-Kingsville
  480. Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board
  481. Texas State University
  482. Thomas Nelson Community College
  483. Tidewater Community College
  484. TMI Episcopal
  485. Toledo Museum of Art
  486. Toronto Metropolitan University
  487. Touro College
  488. Transyvania University
  489. Tri-County Technical College
  490. Trident Technical College
  491. Trinity Christian College
  492. Tufts University
  493. Tulane University
  494. Tulsa Community College
  495. John Tyler Community College
  496. UNESCO
  497. Union County College
  498. United World College, Changshu China
  499. United States Chamber of Commerce Foundation
  500. Universidad Panamericana, Mexico
  501. University College Cork, Ireland
  502. University College of London
  503. University for the Creative Arts
  504. University of Akron
  505. University of Alabama
  506. University of Alabama at Birmingham
  507. University of Alaska
  508. University of Alaska, Fairbanks
  509. University of Albany
  510. University of Alberta
  511. University of Arkansas
  512. University of British Columbia
  513. University at Buffalo
  514. University of California, Berkeley
  515. University of California, Irvine
  516. University of California, Los Angeles
  517. University of California, San Diego
  518. University of Cambridge
  519. University of Central Florida
  520. University of Chicago
  521. University of Cincinnati
  522. University of Colorado, Boulder
  523. University of the Cumberlands
  524. University for the Creative Arts
  525. University of Fine Arts, Münster
  526. University of Fraser Valley, Canada
  527. University of Hong Kong
  528. University of Houston-Downtown
  529. University of Illinois, Urbana
  530. University of Kansas
  531. University of Kentucky
  532. University of Lethbridge, Canada
  533. University of Louisville
  534. University of Maine
  535. University of Manitoba
  536. University of Maryland
  537. University of Massachusetts, Amherst
  538. University of Massachusetts, Dartmouth
  539. University of Massachusetts, Lowell
  540. University of Miami
  541. University of Michigan
  542. University of Michigan, Dearborn
  543. University of Minnesota
  544. University of Missouri
  545. University of Nebraska, Omaha
  546. University of Nevada, Reno
  547. University of New Hampshire
  548. University of New South Wales, Australia
  549. University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
  550. University of North Carolina, Charlotte
  551. University of North Carolina, Greensboro
  552. University of North Carolina, Wilmington
  553. University of North Texas
  554. University of Northern Iowa
  555. University of Ottawa (Canada)
  556. University of Oxford
  557. University of Pennsylvania
  558. University of the People
  559. University of Pittsburgh
  560. University of Saint Francis
  561. University of South Africa
  562. University of South Australia
  563. University of South Carolina, Aiken
  564. University of South Carolina, Upstate
  565. University of South Dakota
  566. University of South Florida
  567. University of Sydney
  568. University of Texas, Arlington
  569. University of Texas, Austin
  570. University of Texas, San Antonio
  571. University of Texas Permian Basin
  572. University of Texas, Tyler
  573. University of Toronto, Canada
  574. University of Turku, Finland
  575. University of Utah
  576. University of Virginia
  577. University of Warwick, UK
  578. University of Washington, Bothell
  579. University of the West
  580. University of West Florida
  581. University of West Georgia
  582. University of Wisconsin, Madison
  583. University of the Witwatersrand
  584. Upper Canada Virtual Library
  585. Ursinus College
  586. Utah Art Education Association
  587. Valor Christian High School
  588. Valencia College
  589. Valley City State University
  590. Vanderbilt University
  591. Vassar College
  592. La Verdad Christian College, Philippines
  593. Victoria (Australia) Department of Education
  594. Villanova University
  595. Virginia Commonwealth University
  596. Virginia Museum of Fine Arts
  597. Virginia Wesleyan University
  598. Wabash College
  599. Wallkill Central School District
  600. The Warburg Institute, School for Advanced Study, University of London
  601. Washington University in Saint Louis
  602. Washtenaw Community College
  603. Waubonsee Community College
  604. West Texas A&M University
  605. West Tisbury Library
  606. West Virginia University
  607. Wellesley College
  608. Wellesley Middle School
  609. Wesleyan University
  610. Westchester Community College
  611. West Chester University
  612. Western Michigan University
  613. Western Nevada College
  614. Westminster College
  615. West Texas A&M University
  616. West Virginia University
  617. Whatcom Community College
  618. White House Historical Association
  619. Whitman College
  620. Wichita State University
  621. Willamette University
  622. William Patterson University
  623. Williams College
  624. Winston-Salem State University
  625. Winthrop University
  626. Wisconsin Department of Public Instruction
  627. Woodland School District 50, IL
  628. Worcester Art Museum
  629. Wor-Wic Community College
  630. Wuhan University, China
  631. Yale University
  632. York College of Pennsylvania

Cite this page as: Smarthistory, "Is Smarthistory reliable?," in Smarthistory, January 22, 2021, accessed July 18, 2024, https://smarthistory.org/cite-smarthistory/.