Is Smarthistory reliable?


Yes. Smarthistory offers art history content provided by more than five hundred leading scholars (art historians, archaeologists, and museum curators). Almost all contributors hold an earned Ph.D. All Smarthistory content has undergone an open peer-review process where it is vetted by multiple scholars including those with applicable area expertise. Every essay on Smarthistory lists the author and links to their academic credentials.

And more than 600 universities, K12 districts, museums, libraries, and other learning institutions recommend and link to Smarthistory.

  1. Académie de Versailles
  2. Academic Senate for California Community Colleges
  3. Academy of the Arts University
  4. Akron-Summit County Public Library
  5. Albany College
  6. Albany Museum of Art
  7. Alberta University of the Arts
  8. Albright College
  9. Alfred University
  10. American Library Association
  11. American University
  12. American University of Beirut
  13. American University in Dubai
  14. American University in Paris
  15. ANISA Per l’educazione all’arte (National Association of Art History Teachers, Italy)
  16. Anne Arundel Community College
  17. Aristoi Classical Academy
  18. Arizona State University
  19. Arkansas Museum of Fine Arts
  20. Art Educators of New Jersey
  21. Art Explora Foundation, Paris
  22. Art History in Schools (UK)
  23. Art Institute of Chicago
  24. Arts Council of African Studies Association
  25. Association for Asian Studies
  26. Association of College and Research Libraries
  27. Association of Historians of American Art
  28. Association for Library Service to Children, American Library Association
  29. Assumption College
  30. Athena Art Foundation (UK)
  31. Athens Technical College
  32. Atlanta University Center
  33. Austin Community College
  34. Australian National University
  35. Avila University
  36. Bard College
  37. Barnard College, Columbia University
  38. Baruch College, City University of New York
  39. Bay College
  40. Bellevue College
  41. Bennington College
  42. Bethel University
  43. Binghamton University
  44. Birmingham Public Library
  45. Borough of Manhattan Community College
  46. Bossier Parish Community College
  47. Boston College
  48. Boston University
  49. Bowdoin College
  50. Brescia University
  51. Bridgewater State University
  52. Brigham Young University
  53. Brisbane Boys’ College, Australia
  54. Bristol Community College
  55. Bronx Community College
  56. Brooklyn College
  57. Brooklyn Museum
  58. Brooklyn Public Library
  59. Brown University
  60. Bucknell University
  61. Butler Community College
  62. California College of the Arts
  63. California Community Colleges
  64. California Department of Education
  65. California Polytechnic State University
  66. California State Polytechnic University, Pomona
  67. California State University, Dominguez Hills
  68. California State University, Fresno
  69. California State University, Fullerton
  70. California State University, Office of the Chancellor
  71. California State University, Northridge
  72. California State University, San Bernardino
  73. California University of Pennsylvania
  74. Camden County College
  75. Carlteton College
  76. Carleton University
  77. Carnegie Mellon University
  78. Carroll County Public Library
  79. Castleton University
  80. Catholic University of Zimbabwe
  81. Cedarville University
  82. Central Arizona College
  83. Central Maine Community College
  84. Central Michigan University
  85. Chaffey College
  86. Chiesa del Santissimo Nome di Gesù all’Argentina, Rome
  87. Christian Brothers University
  88. Cincinnati Museum Center
  89. Cistercian Preparatory School
  90. The Citadel
  91. Citrus College
  92. City Colleges of Chicago
  93. City College of New York, CUNY
  94. Claremont McKenna College
  95. The Classical Association
  96. Clemente Veterans Initiative
  97. CODART
  98. Cohoes City School District (Seeing America)
  99. Colegio Nueva Granada, Columbia
  100. Colegio de San Juan de Letran, Bataan
  101. College of Alameda
  102. College Art Association
  103. The College Board
  104. College for Creative Studies
  105. College of the Canyons
  106. College of Charleston
  107. College of the Holy Cross
  108. College of Lake County
  109. College of the Mainland
  110. College of New Paltz
  111. College of the Ozarks
  112. College of Saint Rose
  113. College of St. Scholastica
  114. College of Southern Idaho
  115. College of Western Idaho
  116. Columbia Borough School District
  117. Columbia College, Sonora, CA
  118. Columbia College, Chicago
  119. Columbia College, Vancouver
  120. Columbia University
  121. Columbus State Community College
  122. Community College of Allegheny County
  123. Concordia University (Canada)
  124. Concordia University, Oregon
  125. Concordia University, Saint Paul
  126. Concordia University, Texas
  127. Concordia University Wisconsin
  128. The Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science and Art
  129. Cornell University
  130. Cornwall Central School District
  131. Cossatot Community College of the University of Arkansas
  132. Crystal Bridges Museum of Art
  133. Cuesta College
  134. Cuyahoga Community College
  135. Dakota College at Bottineau
  136. Dallas College
  137. Davidson Institute
  138. Daytona State College
  139. Delta College
  140. Dennis-Yarmouth Regional School District, MA
  141. DePaul University
  142. Dickinson College
  143. Dixie State University
  144. Dominican University
  145. Drew University
  146. Drexel University
  147. Duke University
  148. Durham College
  149. Eagle Pass Public Library
  150. Eastern Florida State College
  151. Eastern Michigan State University
  152. East Tennessee State University
  153. eCampus Ontario (Canada)
  154. Edgewood College
  155. El Camino College
  156. El Dorado High School
  157. Elizabeth City State University
  158. Emily Carr University (Canada)
  159. Emmanuel College
  160. Emory University
  161. Equal Justice Initiative
  162. ESC Region 13 (Austin school district)
  163. European Open edu
  164. Evangel University
  165. Evergreen Valley College
  166. Everhart Museum
  167. Fairfield University
  168. Fashion Institute of Technology, SUNY
  169. Felician University
  170. Florida A&M University
  171. Florida Atlantic University
  172. Florida Gulf Coast University
  173. Florida International University
  174. Florida State College at Jacksonville
  175. Florida State University
  176. Fontbonne University
  177. Fort Valley State University
  178. Fox Valley Technical College
  179. Fredrick County Government, Maryland
  180. Frick Art Reference Library
  181. Frostberg State University
  182. Furman University
  183. Gallerie Accademia, Venice
  184. Generalitat de Catalunya Department d’Educació (Dept of Education, Catalonia, Spain)
  185. Geneseo, SUNY
  186. Georgia State University
  187. Georgetown University
  188. George Washington University
  189. Getty Museum
  190. Gettysburg College
  191. Glacier Peak High School
  192. Glendale Community College
  193. Google Arts & Culture
  194. Gompers Preparatory Academy
  195. Government of Malta
  196. Grand Valley State University
  197. Greene County Schools (public) TN
  198. Greenville Technical College
  199. Grossmont College
  200. Harold Washington College
  201. Hamilton College
  202. Hamilton School District
  203. Harvard Art Museums
  204. Harvard University
  205. Harvey Mudd College
  206. Hautlieu School, UK
  207. Henry Ford College
  208. Hibbing Community College
  209. Highline College
  210. Hillsborough Community College
  211. Hills Road Sixth Form College, Cambridge
  212. HACC, Central Pennsylvania’s Community College
  213. Hofstra University
  214. Hong Kong Polytechnic University
  215. Hong Kong Society for Education in Art
  216. Hope College
  217. Hostos Community College, City University of New York
  218. Houston Community College
  219. Howard College
  220. Howard County Public School System
  221. Hudson County Community College
  222. Humboldt State University
  223. Hunter College
  224. Indiana University, Bloomington
  225. Institute of Classical Studies, School of Advanced Study, University of London
  226. Institute of Fine Arts, New York University
  227. International Center of Medieval Art
  228. International School, Göteborg, Sweden
  229. Iowa State University
  230. Istanbul Ayvansaray University
  231. Italian ministry of culture and tourism
  232. Ivy Tech Community College
  233. James Madison University
  234. John Jay College of Criminal Justice
  235. Johnson & Wales University
  236. Joan of Arc Catholic Secondary School
  237. Juniata College
  238. Keck Graduate Institute
  239. Keene State College
  240. The Kennedy Center
  241. Kennewick School District, WA
  242. Kenya Ministry of Education (TVETA)
  243. Khan Academy
  244. Kean University
  245. Knox County Public Library
  246. Koç University
  247. Krum Independent School District, TX
  248. Kwantlen Polytechnic University (Canada)
  249. Labette Community College
  250. LaGuardia Community College
  251. Lander University
  252. Lane Community College
  253. Langara College
  254. Lansing Community College
  255. La Salle Academy
  256. LDS Business College
  257. Lehman College, City University of New York
  258. Le Moyne College
  259. Lesley University
  260. Lewis University
  261. Limestone University
  262. Lincoln University
  263. Linfield College
  264. Linn-Benton Community College
  265. London Metropolitan University
  266. Lone Star College, University Park
  267. Los Angeles County Museum of Art (LACMA)
  268. Los Angeles Harbor College
  269. Los Angeles Valley College
  270. Louisiana State University
  271. Loyalist College
  272. Loyola University Chicago
  273. Macaulay Honors College
  274. Maine Department of Education
  275. Manhattan College
  276. Manor College
  277. Marist College
  278. Marquette University
  279. Mary Baldwin University
  280. Mary Jaharis Center for Byzantine Art & Culture at Hellenic College Holy Cross
  281. Maryland Institute College of Art
  282. Massachusetts Art Education Association
  283. Massachusetts College of Liberal Arts
  284. Massachusetts Institute of Technology
  285. Massasoit Community College
  286. McNay Art Museum, TX
  287. Medicine Hat College
  288. Menlo College
  289. Mentone Girls’ Grammar School, Australia
  290. Merrimack College
  291. Merritt College
  292. Mesa Community College
  293. The Metropolitan Museum of Art
  294. Miami Dade College
  295. Miami University
  296. Middlesex Community College
  297. Midlands Technical College
  298. Millersville University of Pennsylvania
  299. Milwaukee Area Technical College
  300. Minnesota North College
  301. Minnesota State University, Mankato
  302. Minnesota State University, Morehead
  303. Mississippi Department of Education
  304. Mississippi State University
  305. Missouri University of Science and Technology
  306. Molloy University
  307. Monash University
  308. Monmouth University
  309. Montana State University
  310. Montgomery County Community College
  311. Moorpark California City Government
  312. Moreno Valley College
  313. Mount Saint Mary’s University
  314. Mt. San Antonio College
  315. Murray State University
  316. Museum Computer Network
  317. Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
  318. Mustang Public Schools, Oklahoma
  319. Nanjing International School
  320. Nanyang Technical University, Singapore
  321. Napa Valley College
  322. Nassau Community College
  323. National Endowment for the Humanities
  324. National Museum of Asian Art, Smithsonian Institution
  325. National University
  326. Newcastle University, UK
  327. New School for Social Research
  328. New York City College of Technology
  329. New York Institute of Technology
  330. Norquest College
  331. North Carolina Museum of Art
  332. North Cross School, Virginia
  333. North Dakota State Library
  334. Northeast Community College
  335. Northeastern Illinois University
  336. Northern Illinois University
  337. Northern Virginia Community College
  338. North Lake College
  339. North Shore Community College
  340. Northwest Arkansas Community College
  341. Northwest Nazarene University
  342. Northwestern Michigan College
  343. Northwestern University
  344. Norwalk Public Library
  345. Nova Scotia College of Art and Design
  346. Occidental College
  347. OER Commons
  348. Ohio State University
  349. Ohio University
  350. Ohio Wesleyan University
  351. Oak Creek Public Library, Wisconsin
  352. Oakton Community College
  353. Okanagan College
  354. Oklahoma State University
  355. Ontario Art Education Association
  356. Open Art Histories (Canada)
  357. Open Education Alberta
  358. Oregon State University
  359. Orient Institut Beirut
  360. Oswego State University of New York
  361. Otis College of Art and Design
  362. Oxford University Press
  363. Pasadena City College
  364. Pelham School District
  365. Pembroke Public Library
  366. Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts
  367. Pennsylvania College of Art & Design
  368. Pennsylvania State University
  369. Pepperdine University
  370. Perdue University Fort Wayne
  371. Piedmont Virginia Community College
  372. Pikes Peak Library District
  373. Pima Community College
  374. Pitt Community College
  375. Pittsford School District
  376. Pitzer College
  377. Point Loma Nazarene University
  378. Pomona College
  379. Portland Community College
  380. Pratt Institute
  381. Princeton University
  382. Queensborough Community College, CUNY
  383. Randolph College
  384. Raritan Valley Community College
  385. Renaissance Society of America
  386. Rhode Island College
  387. Rhodes College
  388. Richmond Community College
  389. Rio Hondo College
  390. Riverside County Office of Education, CA
  391. Rocky Mountain College of Art + Design
  392. Rollins College
  393. Roosevelt University
  394. Rowan-Cabarrus Community College
  395. Rutgers University
  396. Ryerson University
  397. Sacramento City College
  398. Saginaw Valley State University
  399. Saint Albans Secondary College
  400. Santa Rosa Junior College
  401. Saint Clair County Community College
  402. Saint Francis College
  403. Saint Georges International School
  404. Saint Johns County School District
  405. Saint John’s University
  406. Saint Joseph’s University
  407. Saint Leo University
  408. Saint Mary’s College of California
  409. Salve Regina University
  410. Sam Houston State University
  411. San Antonio College
  412. San Bernardino Valley College
  413. San Diego City College
  414. San Jacinto College
  415. San Jose State University
  416. San Rafael City Schools
  417. Santa Rosa Junior College
  418. Santa Fe College
  419. Savannah College of Art and Design
  420. School of the Art Institute of Chicago
  421. Scripts College
  422. Seattle Central College
  423. Seminole State University
  424. Simmons University
  425. Skagit Valley College
  426. Skyline College
  427. Smithsonian American Art Museum
  428. Smithsonian Center for Learning and Digital Access
  429. Smithsonian Libraries
  430. Snohomish School District
  431. Snow College
  432. Society for the Arts in Religious and Theological Studies
  433. Society of Architectural Historians
  434. Sonoma State University
  435. South West Institute of TAFE, Australia
  436. Southeast Delco School District
  437. Southeast Service Cooperative, MN
  438. Southern Adventist University
  439. Southern California Institute of Architecture
  440. Southern Connecticut State University
  441. Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville
  442. Southern New Hampshire University
  443. Southern University and A&M College
  444. South Texas College
  445. Southwest Minnesota State University
  446. Spartanburg Community College
  447. Spartanburg Methodist College
  448. Spelman College
  449. Spokane Community College
  450. Spokane Falls Community College
  451. Spring Arbor University
  452. Springfield Technical Community College
  453. Stanford University
  454. Stephens College
  455. Stonybrook University, SUNY
  456. Sullivan University
  457. SUNY Broome
  458. SUNY Cobleskill
  459. SUNY Freedonia
  460. SUNY Geneseo
  461. SUNY New Paltz
  462. SUNY Oswego
  463. SUNY Potsdam
  464. SUNY Purchase
  465. SUNY Ulster
  466. Stephens College
  467. Syracuse University
  468. Tacoma Community College
  469. Teachers College, Columbia University
  470. Tennessee Arts Commission
  471. Terra Foundation for American Art
  472. Texas A&M International University
  473. Texas A&M University-Commerce
  474. Texas A&M University-Kingsville
  475. Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board
  476. Texas State University
  477. Thomas Nelson Community College
  478. Tidewater Community College
  479. TMI Episcopal
  480. Toledo Museum of Art
  481. Toronto Metropolitan University
  482. Touro College
  483. Tri-County Technical College
  484. Trident Technical College
  485. Trinity Christian College
  486. Tufts University
  487. Tulane University
  488. Tulsa Community College
  489. John Tyler Community College
  490. UNESCO
  491. Union County College
  492. United World College, Changshu China
  493. United States Chamber of Commerce Foundation
  494. Universidad Panamericana, Mexico
  495. University College Cork, Ireland
  496. University College of London
  497. University for the Creative Arts
  498. University of Akron
  499. University of Alabama
  500. University of Alabama at Birmingham
  501. University of Alaska
  502. University of Alaska, Fairbanks
  503. University of Albany
  504. University of Alberta
  505. University of Arkansas
  506. University of British Columbia
  507. University at Buffalo
  508. University of California, Berkeley
  509. University of California, Irvine
  510. University of California, Los Angeles
  511. University of California, San Diego
  512. University of Cambridge
  513. University of Central Florida
  514. University of Chicago
  515. University of Cincinnati
  516. University of Colorado, Boulder
  517. University of the Cumberlands
  518. University for the Creative Arts
  519. University of Fine Arts, Münster
  520. University of Fraser Valley, Canada
  521. University of Hong Kong
  522. University of Houston-Downtown
  523. University of Illinois, Urbana
  524. University of Kansas
  525. University of Kentucky
  526. University of Lethbridge, Canada
  527. University of Louisville
  528. University of Maine
  529. University of Manitoba
  530. University of Maryland
  531. University of Massachusetts, Amherst
  532. University of Massachusetts, Dartmouth
  533. University of Massachusetts, Lowell
  534. University of Miami
  535. University of Michigan
  536. University of Michigan, Dearborn
  537. University of Minnesota
  538. University of Missouri
  539. University of Nebraska, Omaha
  540. University of Nevada, Reno
  541. University of New Hampshire
  542. University of New South Wales, Australia
  543. University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
  544. University of North Carolina, Charlotte
  545. University of North Carolina, Greensboro
  546. University of North Carolina, Wilmington
  547. University of North Texas
  548. University of Ottawa (Canada)
  549. University of Oxford
  550. University of Pennsylvania
  551. University of the People
  552. University of Pittsburgh
  553. University of Saint Francis
  554. University of South Africa
  555. University of South Australia
  556. University of South Carolina, Aiken
  557. University of South Carolina, Upstate
  558. University of South Dakota
  559. University of South Florida
  560. University of Sydney
  561. University of Texas, Arlington
  562. University of Texas, Austin
  563. University of Texas, San Antonio
  564. University of Texas Permian Basin
  565. University of Texas, Tyler
  566. University of Toronto, Canada
  567. University of Turku, Finland
  568. University of Utah
  569. University of Virginia
  570. University of Warwick, UK
  571. University of Washington, Bothell
  572. University of the West
  573. University of West Florida
  574. University of West Georgia
  575. University of Wisconsin, Madison
  576. University of the Witwatersrand
  577. Upper Canada Virtual Library
  578. Ursinus College
  579. Utah Art Education Association
  580. Valor Christian High School
  581. Valencia College
  582. Valley City State University
  583. Vanderbilt University
  584. Vassar College
  585. La Verdad Christian College, Philippines
  586. Victoria (Australia) Department of Education
  587. Villanova University
  588. Virginia Commonwealth University
  589. Virginia Museum of Fine Arts
  590. Virginia Wesleyan University
  591. Wabash College
  592. Wallkill Central School District
  593. The Warburg Institute, School for Advanced Study, University of London
  594. Washington University in Saint Louis
  595. Washtenaw Community College
  596. Waubonsee Community College
  597. West Texas A&M University
  598. West Tisbury Library
  599. West Virginia University
  600. Wellesley College
  601. Wellesley Middle School
  602. Wesleyan University
  603. Westchester Community College
  604. West Chester University
  605. Western Michigan University
  606. Western Nevada College
  607. Westminster College
  608. West Texas A&M University
  609. West Virginia University
  610. Whatcom Community College
  611. White House Historical Association
  612. Whitman College
  613. Wichita State University
  614. Willamette University
  615. William Patterson University
  616. Williams College
  617. Winston-Salem State University
  618. Winthrop University
  619. Wisconsin Department of Public Instruction
  620. Woodland School District 50, IL
  621. Worcester Art Museum
  622. Wor-Wic Community College
  623. Wuhan University, China
  624. Yale University
  625. York College of Pennsylvania

Cite this page as: Smarthistory, "Is Smarthistory reliable?," in Smarthistory, January 22, 2021, accessed February 23, 2024, https://smarthistory.org/cite-smarthistory/.