Ancient Greece

Late Classical

Fourth-century sculpture is known for its elegant elongation of the human form, and the introduction of the female nude.

c. 400 - 323 B.C.E.

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Capitoline Venus (copy of the Aphrodite of Knidos)
Capitoline Venus (copy of the Aphrodite of Knidos)

Aphrodite, goddess of love and beauty, emerges from her bath, but what did her nudity mean to the Greeks?

<em>The Alexander Sarcophagus</em>
The Alexander Sarcophagus

Alexander the Great conquered the known world, but who was this monument for and what does it symbolize?

Lysippos, <em>Apoxyomenos (Scraper)</em>
Lysippos, Apoxyomenos (Scraper)

Ancient Greek athletes cleaned themselves with oil. This sculpture shows one athlete’s bathing ritual.

Lysippos, <em>Farnese Hercules</em>
Lysippos, Farnese Hercules

Weary from his labors, Hercules leans on his club, with hints of his heroic trials hidden in plain sight.