Ancient Near East

Mesopotamia, the area between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers (in modern day Iraq), is often referred to as the cradle of civilization because it is the first place where complex urban centers grew. The history of Mesopotamia, however, is inextricably tied to the greater region, which is comprised of the modern nations of Egypt, Iran, Syria, Jordan, Israel, Lebanon, the Gulf states and Turkey. We often refer to this region as the Near or Middle East.




plate grid
This dish dates to the time of the Sasanian empire, and is typical of the high quality silverware that the Sasanians produced.

Silver dish









amorite grid
The Amorites were the indigenous people of central inland and northern Syria who maintained close diplomatic and trading relations with cities in Mesopotamia, Canaan, and Egypt.

Amorites, an introduction














Warka (Uruk) Vase, Uruk, Late Uruk period, c. 3500-3000 B.C.E., 105 cm high (National Museum of Iraq)
One of the most precious artifacts from Sumer, the Warka Vase was looted and almost lost forever.

Warka Vase