Fauvism + Expressionism

Les Fauves (which means the wild beasts) were a group of French artists who used vivid color the way most artists use line—to define form in space. From these brilliant early experiments, Henri Matisse went on to create some of the most daring and satisfying art of the early 20th century avant-garde. Expressionist experiments in Germany were dominated by two groups of artists, Die Brücke (The Bridge) and Der Blaue Reiter (The Blue Rider). Here find Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, Emil Nolde, and the Russians, Wassily Kandinsky and Alexei von Jawlensky. Meanwhile in Vienna, Egon Schiele was exploring representations of the body with wild, restless energy.

The figure of the Blue Rider thus embodied the spiritual focus of the group as well as their belief that art plays an important social role in the struggle between good and evil.

Der Blaue Reiter