Location City: Rome


Codex Borgia
Thirty-three feet long, the Codex Borgia records historical, ritual, mythological, and botanical information.

Codex Borgia


This cloth—first woven by a wise spider—sends social messages through a system of specific patterns.

Kente cloth






An earthquake buried this early Roman church. Recent excavations exposed layers of wall painting.

Santa Maria Antiqua







Capitoline Wolf, 5th century B.C.E. or medieval, bronze, 75 cm (Capitoline Museums, Rome)
Abandoned as infants, the mythical founders of Rome were raised by a she-wolf.

Capitoline She-wolf






Raphael, School of Athens (detail)
Whose side are you on? Two great philosophers of antiquity, Plato and Aristotle, face off in this meeting of minds.

Raphael, School of Athens


Capitoline Brutus, 4th-3rd century B.C.E. bronze, 69 cm (Capitoline Museums, Rome)
Once identified as the founder of the Roman Republic, debate over this figure’s true identity rages on.

Capitoline Brutus





The Pantheon, Rome, c. 125
The Pantheon has one of the most perfect interior spaces ever constructed—and it’s been copied ever since.

The Pantheon (Rome)