Modernisms: 1900-1980

This period witnessed divergent ideologies and terrible global conflicts: WWI and the collapse of the great empires, Totalitarianism, the Holocaust, the dismantling of colonialism, WWII and the Cold War. It was also a time of unprecedented growth in global population, wealth, and communication and it was a period that saw great gains in human rights. Art of the 20th century is full of experimentation, the “isms” of Modernism: Expressionism, Cubism, Futurism and the later Surrealism, Abstract Expressionism, and Minimalism to name just a few as artists sought to reflect a world that was being radically transformed.







Egyptian surrealism thumb
In 1938, a group of 37 artists, writers and thinkers in Cairo signed a manifesto titled ‘Long Live Degenerate Art’. This marked the start of the group known as ‘Art and Liberty’, and the birth of a distinctly Egyptian style of Surrealism.

A brief guide to Egyptian Surrealism