tools-religion








Thai folding book (samut khoi), 19th century, manuscript (The British Library)
There are many kinds of Buddhist meditations; here Dr Sarah Shaw describes the ‘middle way’ of the Buddha and explores key aspects of Buddhist meditation and chant, such as the use of Buddha-images and visualization.

Buddhist meditation and chant



Professor Julius Lipner explains that Hinduism cannot be considered polytheistic and discusses the way in which Hindu culture and sacred texts conceptualize the deities, as well as their role in devotional faith

Hindu deities








An early Kufic Qur’an (British Library)
Dr. Mustafa Shah describes the historical context of the Qur’an—its revelation, its transmission and codification and its shared spiritual heritage with the other Abrahamic faiths.

The Qur’an








Stupa 3, 1st c., Sanchi, India (photo: Nagarjun Kandukuru, CC: BY 2.0)
A mound of dirt or the body of the Buddha? These sacred sites give practitioners insight into the Four Noble Truths.

The stupa