Roman art spans almost 1,000 years and three continents from Europe into Africa and Asia.
753 B.C.E. - 410 C.E.
The mythic founding of the Roman Republic is supposed to have happened in 509 B.C.E. when the last Etruscan king was overthrown. Augustus’s rise to power in 27 B.C.E. signaled the end of the Roman Republic and the formation of the Empire. Gods and religions from other parts of the empire made their way to Rome’s capital including the Egyptian goddess Isis, the Persian god Mithras, and ultimately—Christianity.
By The British Museum
From monarchy, to republic, then empire—at its height, Rome controlled territory from Scotland to the Middle East.
By Dr. Francesca Tronchin
The eruption of in 79 C.E. destroyed and largely buried the cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum and other sites in southern Italy under ash and rock. The rediscovery of these sites in the modern era is as fascinating as the cities themselves and provides a window onto...
By Dr. Laurel Taylor
Death, memory, and funerary rituals—monumental tombs lined the streets leading into ancient Roman cities.