Hinduism + Buddhism

Buddhism developed in reaction to the established religion in India at the time—Hinduism.

6th century B.C.E. - present

All content | Hinduism + Buddhism

The Buddha and Buddhist sacred texts
The Buddha and Buddhist sacred texts

A Buddha is seen as one who becomes awakened to the true nature of reality.

Sacred texts in Hinduism
Sacred texts in Hinduism

Professor Julius Lipner discusses the distinctive nature of Hinduism and its sacred texts, drawing on the Vedas and epic compositions.

Sikh sacred places
Sikh sacred places

Eleanor Nesbitt explores Sikh gurdwaras ('doorway to the Guru'), touching on the most notable ones, such as the Golden Temple, their common features, and the principles of worship within them.

Sikh prayer and worship
Sikh prayer and worship

The Guru Granth Sahib plays an integral part in the lives of Sikhs. Eleanor Nesbitt describes the rituals that surround it and its role in the daily lives and life cycle rites of Sikhs, also exploring Sikh daily prayer, devotional songs, and festivals.

Origins and development of Sikh faith: The Gurus
Origins and development of Sikh faith: The Gurus

Gurus are central to the Sikh faith. Eleanor Nesbitt looks at the founder of the Sikh faith – Guru Nanak, the concept of Guru in Sikhism, the central principles of the Gurus’ teachings and the sacred scripture – the Guru Granth Sahib.

Buddhist meditation and chant
Buddhist meditation and chant

There are many kinds of Buddhist meditations; here Dr Sarah Shaw describes the ‘middle way’ of the Buddha and explores key aspects of Buddhist meditation and chant, such as the use of Buddha-images and visualization.

Hindu deities
Hindu deities

Professor Julius Lipner explains that Hinduism cannot be considered polytheistic and discusses the way in which Hindu culture and sacred texts conceptualize the deities, as well as their role in devotional faith

The Emerald Buddha and pandemics
The Emerald Buddha and pandemics

In the 19th century, King Rama II turned to Thailand’s protective deity, the Emerald Buddha, to stop the spread of cholera.

Jain cosmology
Jain cosmology

Professor Balbir introduces the distinctive cosmology of the Jain religion, discussing how it is structured and understood by followers of the faith.

An introduction to the Jain faith
An introduction to the Jain faith

Professor Nalini Balbir introduces the Jain religion, describing its key features, practices and expressions of faith.

Bodh Gaya: The Site of the Buddha’s Enlightenment
Bodh Gaya: The Site of the Buddha’s Enlightenment

Bodh Gaya is the place where the Buddha attained enlightenment—over millennia it has been reconstructed and reimagined.

Discovering Sacred Texts: Hinduism
Discovering Sacred Texts: Hinduism

Explore the richness of the sacred texts of Hinduism with the British Library.