Hinduism + Buddhism

Buddhism developed in reaction to the established religion in India at the time—Hinduism.

6th century B.C.E. - present

All content | Hinduism + Buddhism

Sikh sacred places
Sikh sacred places

Eleanor Nesbitt explores Sikh gurdwaras ('doorway to the Guru'), touching on the most notable ones, such as the Golden Temple, their common features, and the principles of worship within them.

Sikh prayer and worship
Sikh prayer and worship

The Guru Granth Sahib plays an integral part in the lives of Sikhs. Eleanor Nesbitt describes the rituals that surround it and its role in the daily lives and life cycle rites of Sikhs, also exploring Sikh daily prayer, devotional songs, and festivals.

Origins and development of Sikh faith: The Gurus
Origins and development of Sikh faith: The Gurus

Gurus are central to the Sikh faith. Eleanor Nesbitt looks at the founder of the Sikh faith – Guru Nanak, the concept of Guru in Sikhism, the central principles of the Gurus’ teachings and the sacred scripture – the Guru Granth Sahib.

Buddhist meditation and chant
Buddhist meditation and chant

There are many kinds of Buddhist meditations; here Dr Sarah Shaw describes the ‘middle way’ of the Buddha and explores key aspects of Buddhist meditation and chant, such as the use of Buddha-images and visualization.

Hindu deities
Hindu deities

Professor Julius Lipner explains that Hinduism cannot be considered polytheistic and discusses the way in which Hindu culture and sacred texts conceptualize the deities, as well as their role in devotional faith

Jain cosmology
Jain cosmology

Professor Balbir introduces the distinctive cosmology of the Jain religion, discussing how it is structured and understood by followers of the faith.

An introduction to the Jain faith
An introduction to the Jain faith

Professor Nalini Balbir introduces the Jain religion, describing its key features, practices and expressions of faith.

Sacred texts in Hinduism
Sacred texts in Hinduism

Professor Julius Lipner discusses the distinctive nature of Hinduism and its sacred texts, drawing on the Vedas and epic compositions.

Hinduism and Buddhism, an introduction
Hinduism and Buddhism, an introduction

Hindus and Buddhists share a vocabulary but differ in their interpretations of dharma, karma, and salvation.

Images of enlightenment: aniconic vs. iconic depictions of the Buddha in India
Images of enlightenment: aniconic vs. iconic depictions of the Buddha in India

An empty throne, footsteps, and a wheel—rather than represent the Buddha directly, sculptors relied on symbols.

<em>Seated Buddha</em>
Seated Buddha

An inscription on the back of this sculpture identifies this as the earliest dated Buddha from China.

Hindu temples
Hindu temples

Often covered with figural sculpture, these dwelling places of the gods draw worshipers to their inner sanctuaries.