These artists broke new ground with sketchy, light-filled canvases shown in independent exhibitions.

c. 1874 - 1886

Beginner's guide

These artists each sought their own solutions for the depiction of modern life. Can we even call Impressionism a unified style?

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Claude Monet, <em>Impression, Sunrise</em>
Claude Monet, Impression, Sunrise

Impression, Sunrise captures a quiet morning in the port of Le Havre, but a closer look illuminates the changes happening in 19th-century Europe.

Claude Monet, <em>Wheatstacks (Snow Effect, Morning)</em><br>Getty Conversations
Claude Monet, Wheatstacks (Snow Effect, Morning)
Getty Conversations

How does this painting by Claude Monet achieve such simplicity and complexity at the same time?


The distinctive qualities of Japanese art offered striking new approaches to modern artists developing alternatives to the Western tradition of naturalistic representation.

Pierre-Auguste Renoir, <em>Portrait of Madame Charpentier and Her Children</em>
Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Portrait of Madame Charpentier and Her Children

Viewers are often surprised to learn that one of the children is a boy, since both children are dressed alike.

Impressionism as optical realism: Monet
Impressionism as optical realism: Monet

Odd advice from Monet? "When you go out to paint, try to forget what objects you have before you."

Impressionism: painting modern life
Impressionism: painting modern life

Though they depicted outdoor light, the Impressionists were also interested in depicting middle-class leisure.

Impressionist color
Impressionist color

Blue snow and violet-tinted flesh—the Impressionists radically changed our expectation of color.

Impressionist pictorial space
Impressionist pictorial space

The surprising pictorial effects of modern art may seem at first like errors, but they are quite intentional!

What does “Impressionism” mean?
What does “Impressionism” mean?

Impressionist paintings—once considered sloppy and unfinished—draw huge crowds to museums today.

A summer day in Paris: Berthe Morisot’s <em>Hunting Butterflies</em>
A summer day in Paris: Berthe Morisot’s Hunting Butterflies

The subject takes control over the outdoor setting, expressing her independence in spite of limitations.

How to recognize Monet: <em>The Basin at Argenteuil</em>
How to recognize Monet: The Basin at Argenteuil

In the suburbs, Parisians escaped the pressures of modern life. Monet painted their sun-drenched pleasures.

How to recognize Renoir: <em>The Swing</em>
How to recognize Renoir: The Swing

Renoir wanted to forget everything he knew about how to paint so that he could render light as it really is.

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