Islam

Islam was founded by Muhammad, a 6th century merchant from the city of Mecca, in modern-day Saudi Arabia. Mecca was then a well-established trading city. The Kaaba, in Mecca, is the focus of pilgrimage and prayer for muslims around the world.

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The complex geometry of Islamic design
The complex geometry of Islamic design

This video demystifies the complex kaleidoscopic geometry central to Islamic art. Grab a compass and ruler!

Stories of the modern pilgrimage
Stories of the modern pilgrimage

Watch and listen as several British Muslims recount their journeys to Mecca.

Islamic pilgrimages and sacred spaces
Islamic pilgrimages and sacred spaces

Hajj is the most well-known pilgrimage in Islam. Here Dr Sophia Arjana discusses its role in the religion, whilst also looking at Shi‘a and regional pilgrimages, sainthood and sacred space in Islam.

The Qur’an
The Qur’an

Dr. Mustafa Shah describes the historical context of the Qur’an—its revelation, its transmission and codification and its shared spiritual heritage with the other Abrahamic faiths.

Introduction to mosque architecture
Introduction to mosque architecture

From Indonesia to the United Kingdom, the mosque in its many forms is the quintessential Islamic building. The mosque, masjid in Arabic, is the Muslim gathering place for prayer. Masjid simply means “place of prostration.” Though most of the five daily prayers prescribed in Islam can take place anywhere, all men are required to gather together at the […]

The Kaaba
The Kaaba

Located in Mecca, this square shrine is the holiest site in Islam. Muslims direct their prayers toward it.

Hajj
Hajj

The sacred pilgrimage to Mecca—birthplace of Prophet Muhammad—involves a series of rituals and lasts several days.

The Five Pillars of Islam
The Five Pillars of Islam

In their religious practice, Muslims follow five fundamental tenets—learn about them here.

Introduction to Islam
Introduction to Islam

One of the world’s main monotheistic faiths, Islam was founded by Muhammad, a merchant from Mecca.