Medieval Europe + Byzantium

Beginner’s guide:
Romanesque art

One influence, as the name implies, is ancient Roman art.

c. 1000 - 1200

The Romanesque is the first international style in Western Europe since antiquity. The transmission of ideas was facilitated by increased travel along the pilgrimage routes and because of the crusades.

A beginner's guide to Romanesque art

A beginner’s guide to Romanesque art

By Dr. Andreas Petzold

The first international style since antiquity The term "Romanesque," meaning in the manner of the Romans, was first coined in the early nineteenth century. Today it is used to refer to the period of European art from the second half of the eleventh century throughout the...

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Medieval churches: sources and forms

Medieval churches: sources and forms

By Valerie Spanswick

Many of Europe’s medieval cathedrals are museums in their own right, housing fantastic examples of craftsmanship and works of art. Additionally, the buildings themselves are impressive. Although architectural styles varied from place to place, building to building,...

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