- James Turrell’s Skyspace: The Way of Color is one of multiple Skyspaces that he has designed. It is a circular room designed by the artist, with an oculus — a round opening, not covered by glass — in the ceiling. LED lights along the top of the walls change color, allowing visitors to observe the sky at dawn and dusk and see how the colored light and passage of time change our perception of the color of the sky.
- The work emphasizes the contingent relationship between us and the world around us, as well as the absence of one truth. Everything is dependent on human vision and what we bring: our own perception.
- Skyspace: The Way of Color is an earthwork, a type of artwork that takes nature as its medium. Earthworks were something that artists began to explore in the 1960s, as attention to human beings’ impact on nature and the ways we were endangering it began to increase.
- It also draws on earlier use of the oculus in buildings, most notably the Pantheon in Rome, emphasizing the idea of the viewer looking up to the heavens and the way the eye of the divine may be looking down at us.
More to think about
Skyspace: The Way of Color asks us to spend time observing how natural and artificial light interact and affect how we perceive color. This in turn provokes an understanding of how different people perceive the world differently. How might we compare Turrell’s message about different perceptions of reality and works like Kenseth Armstead’s Surrender Yorktown 1781, that seeks to address a more rigid relationship between truth and lies?
Smarthistory images for teaching and learning: