Ancient Aegean

Mycenaean art

Mycenaean culture flourished on the Greek mainland in the Late Bronze Age. The name comes from the site of Mycenae, where the culture was first recognized after the 1876 excavations by Heinrich Schliemann.

c. 1600-1100 B.C.E.

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<em>Mask of Agamemnon</em>
Mask of Agamemnon

“I have gazed into the face of Agamemnon,” boasted the man who discovered it—but is it really the Homeric hero?

The Treasury of Atreus
The Treasury of Atreus

Below the great citadel of Mycenae, a passage into a hillside leads to a massive beehive-shaped tomb.

The “Palace” and Grave Circle A
The “Palace” and Grave Circle A

Seeking the mythic cities of Homer, Heinrich Schliemann identified Mycenae in the 19th century.

Lion Gate
Lion Gate

Approaching Mycenae was awe inspiring: a massive hill, walls of enormous stones, and the fearsome Lion Gate.