The city of Babylon on the River Euphrates in southern Iraq is mentioned in documents of the late third millennium B.C.E. and first came to prominence as the royal city of King Hammurabi (c. 1790-1750 B.C.E.), and then again during the Neo-Babylonian Empire from 609 to 539 B.C.E.
c. 1850 B.C.E. - 539 B.C.E.