Ancient Near East

Babylonian

The city of Babylon on the River Euphrates in southern Iraq is mentioned in documents of the late third millennium B.C.E. and first came to prominence as the royal city of King Hammurabi (c. 1790-1750 B.C.E.), and then again during the Neo-Babylonian Empire from 609 to 539 B.C.E.

c. 1850 B.C.E. - 539 B.C.E.

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Babylonia, an introduction
Babylonia, an introduction

For two thousand years, Babylon’s lost Tower and Hanging Gardens have haunted European imagination.

Towers of Babel
Towers of Babel

Artists have depicted the Tower of Babel throughout the ages, a symbol of the extraordinary—but it did exist.

The Babylonian mind
The Babylonian mind

What do the 60-minute clock and the zodiac have in common? The answer lies in ancient Babylon.

Visiting Babylon
Visiting Babylon

Even today with international tourism waning in the face of military threats, Iraqis regularly visit this famous site.

The Ishtar Gate and Neo-Babylonian art and architecture
The Ishtar Gate and Neo-Babylonian art and architecture

“I, Nebuchadnezzar … magnificently adorned them with luxurious splendor for all mankind to behold in awe.”

Kassite art:  Unfinished Kudurru
Kassite art: Unfinished Kudurru

The Kassites controlled Babylonia for 400 years—now all that remains are these carved boundary stones.

Law Code Stele of King Hammurabi
Law Code Stele of King Hammurabi

Law is at the heart of modern civilization, and is often based on principles listed here nearly 4,000 years ago.

Selected Contributors | Babylonian