Three Kingdoms Period

The three kingdoms that ruled the Korean peninsula in this period were the Silla, Goguryeo, and Baekje.

57 B.C.E.–676 C.E.

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Sarira reliquaries from east and west stone pagodas of Gameunsa Temple
Sarira reliquaries from east and west stone pagodas of Gameunsa Temple

These two exceptional sarira reliquary sets each include a crystal sarira bottle, a gilt-bronze outer container, and an inner container shaped like a small palace

Dagger and gold scabbard from Gyerim-ro Tomb 14, Gyeongju
Dagger and gold scabbard from Gyerim-ro Tomb 14, Gyeongju

Embellished with garnet, glass, and intricate filigree design, this scabbard is believed to have been produced in Iran or Central Asia

East and west stone pagodas from the site of Galhangsa Temple
East and west stone pagodas from the site of Galhangsa Temple

With long, even proportions and meticulously placed stones, the pagodas from Galhangsa Temple exemplify the stylistic trends of the Unified Silla period

Stone casket and funerary urn of the Unified Silla period
Stone casket and funerary urn of the Unified Silla period

Stored inside a granite casket, this urn is elaborately decorated with a stamped pattern of flowers and covered with an even coating of green glaze

Gold crown and gold belt from the north mound of Hwangnamdaechong Tomb
Gold crown and gold belt from the north mound of Hwangnamdaechong Tomb

Hwangnamdaechong Tomb contained an impressive array of personal ornaments, rare imported items, and grave goods, including a queen's embellished gold crown and belt

Baekje stone Buddha and gilt-bronze bodhisattva from the temple site of Gunsu-ri, Buyeo
Baekje stone Buddha and gilt-bronze bodhisattva from the temple site of Gunsu-ri, Buyeo

The Buddhist sculptures excavated at the temple site of Gunsu-ri are crucial for studying the early stages of Korean Buddhist sculpture.

Gold Buddha statues from the stone pagoda on the site of Hwangboksa Temple
Gold Buddha statues from the stone pagoda on the site of Hwangboksa Temple

These two gold sculptures are early examples of Buddhist statues enshrined in sarira reliquaries.

Eight Baekje tiles with various designs
Eight Baekje tiles with various designs

This set of eight tiles exemplifies the elegant and sophisticated artistic style of the Baekje Kingdom

Maitreya Bodhisattva and Amitabha Buddha from Gamsansa Temple
Maitreya Bodhisattva and Amitabha Buddha from Gamsansa Temple

The Maitreya Bodhisattva and Amitabha Buddha from Gamsansa Temple demonstrate how the Buddhist sculptures of Unified Silla developed during the eighth century.

Mt. Bukhansan Monument for King Jinheung’s Inspection
Mt. Bukhansan Monument for King Jinheung’s Inspection

This stele is believed to have been erected to commemorate King Jinheung’s inspection of the Han River region in Korea in the 6th century.

Gilt-bronze Buddha with inscription: “seventh year of <i>yeonga</i>“
Gilt-bronze Buddha with inscription: “seventh year of yeonga

This gilt-bronze statue is the oldest-known Buddhist sculpture that has ever been found in Korea

Horse-rider-shaped vessels, Silla
Horse-rider-shaped vessels, Silla

Why would a serving vessel be made in the shape of a horse?

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