Gothic art in Germany, Italy, and the Czech Republic

The Gothic style spread across Europe, where artists produced sculpture, painting, and architecture for both Christian and Jewish patrons.

c. 1235 - 1500

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Cimabue, <em>Virgin and Child Enthroned, and Prophets (Santa Trinità Maestà)</em>
Cimabue, Virgin and Child Enthroned, and Prophets (Santa Trinità Maestà)

Set against gleaming gold, Mary and Christ sit on an intricately carved throne studded with gems.

Porta Sant’Alipio Mosaic, c. 1270-75, Basilica San Marco, Venice
Porta Sant’Alipio Mosaic, c. 1270-75, Basilica San Marco, Venice

The Porta Sant’Alipio Mosaic, c. 1270-75, Basilica San Marco, Venice, an ARCHES video speakers: Dr. Elizabeth Rodini, Andrew Heiskell Arts Director at American Academy in Rome and Dr. Steven Zucker Smarthistory images for teaching and learning: More Smarthistory images…

Altneushul, Prague
Altneushul, Prague

In the “Old New Synagogue,” desks surround a Torah plaform. Text outweighs image—only plants ornament the space.

Bonaventura Berlinghieri, <em>Saint Francis Altarpiece</em>
Bonaventura Berlinghieri, Saint Francis Altarpiece

At the center of this life-size painting stands humble St. Francis. Scenes from his life fill this gilded panel.

<em>Röttgen Pietà</em>
Röttgen Pietà

Taut skin, exposed ribs, a bleeding wound—this Christ suffered in both life and death. Medieval viewers took solace in his pain.

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