The early Israelites made sacrifices at the Holy Temple, and they were distinct from other Levantine peoples, each of whom worshipped their local gods.
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These eclectic buildings embody the close ties between Muslim, Jewish, and Christian cultures in medieval Spain.
Diarna digitally documents endangered Jewish sites—like this historic shrine near Damascus, now razed.
This tiny book tells the complex story of the conflict between Christians and Jews in the Old and New Worlds.
This Hebrew book copies an Arabic text that itself began life as a work of classical Greek philosophy.
In the “Old New Synagogue,” desks surround a Torah plaform. Text outweighs image—only plants ornament the space.
The emperor Titus sacked the temple in Jerusalem and looted its most holy treasures.
No splashes of wine stain this luxurious book! Its 56 miniatures illustrate the story of Passover.
Long ignored by historians, Jewish architecture employs a rich formal language that melds local styles.
The genocide that overtook Europe’s Jews transformed Jewish identity throughout the world. Jews in Poland, Romania, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Greece, Yugoslavia, Germany and Austria were reduced to a tiny fraction of their prewar numbers. Even still, Jewish populations survived throughout Europe, including in Russia, the United Kingdom, and France. Western European nations received substantial aid from the American government, and the Jewish […]
The emancipation of European Jews from ghettos became a benchmark of sorts indicating a nation’s transformation from the medieval to the modern. Upon the formation of a secular nation, French Jews received civil rights in 1791 and 1792. Other European nations followed throughout the 19th century. National communities distanced themselves from old forms of Christianity, and they tolerated […]
After the Roman world embraced Christianity, Jews faced persecution, mob violence, and Crusaders.
Judaism is a monotheistic religion that emerged with the Israelites in the Eastern Mediterranean (Southern Levant) within the context of the Mesopotamian river valley civilizations. The Israelites were but one nomadic tribe from the area, so named because they considered themselves to be the descendants of Jacob, who changed his name to Israel. Texts Judaism stems […]