Medieval Europe + Byzantium

The Crusades

Crusades were religious wars undertaken by Christians.
Their goal was to capture Jerusalem from Muslims.

c. 1095 – 1291

videos + essays

We're adding new content all the time!

The impact of the crusades
The impact of the crusades

The Crusades played a major role in European territorial expansion and also militarized the Western church.

The when, where and who (of crusading)
The when, where and who (of crusading)

A timeline, the theatre of war, the targets, and the participants—the basics of crusading are covered here.

How was crusading justified?
How was crusading justified?

Crusaders saw their enemies as a threat to God, and many went to war to make amends for their own sins.

What were the crusades?
What were the crusades?

Crusading took many forms. Historians grapple with how to define these holy wars—Muslim and Jewish sources help.

Selected Contributors | The Crusades